The author is not stated, but is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, brother of James and son of Zebedee. Content of the Gospel and early church tradition were both considered when determining the author. From the scripture, we can presume the following about the gospel of John and its author (Gaebelein, 1981, p. 6-7): * it was written by a Palestinian Jew who knew Jewish opinions and customs; * he was a disciple and was one of the sons of Zebedee (John 21:2; Matthew 4:21; 10:2); * he personally witnessed the events he described (John 1:14; 19:35; 21:24-25); * he was part of the inner circle of disciples, and knew of Jesus’ inner consciousness (John 6:6, 61, 64; 13:1-3, 11; 18:4); * it was not written by Peter, because it frequently mentions him in third person; * it was not written by James, the son of Zebedee because he died prior to A.D. 44 (Acts 12:2), which is believed to be prior to when the Gospel of John was written.
It is evident that someone who knew Jesus personally and
References: Gaebelein, F. E. (1981). The Expositor 's Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House. Hahn, R. (2010, July 8). Voice Bible Studies. Retrieved November 20, 2010, from The Voice CRI/Voice, Institute: http://www.crivoice.org/biblestudy/bbjohn1.html Keathley III, J. H. (1999). The Historical Books of the New Testament. Retrieved November 22, 2010, from Bible.Org: http://bible.org/seriespage/historical-books-new-testament Keener, C. S. (1993). The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press. Morris, L. (1971). The Gospel According to John. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. Wallace, D. B. (1999). The Gospel of John: Introduction, Argument, Outline. Retrieved November 22, 2010, from Bible.Org: http://bible.org/seriespage/gospel-john-