top-rated free essay

The Gettysburg Address

By pskcf3 Dec 11, 2010 561 Words
The Gettysburg Address
Abraham Lincoln

Speaker: Abraham Lincoln
Purpose: To honor those who died in the Civil War and especially those at the battle of Gettysburg Audience: Americans
Medium: Outside Venue

3 Appeals of Rhetoric:
Logos: Appeal to logic
“We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.” •It is logical that it is “fitting and proper” that the battleground cemetery be dedicated to the soldiers who gave their lives at the battleground. Pathos: Appeal to the audience’s emotion

In the Gettysburg Address, Abraham Lincoln uses “we” instead of “I” when speaking. This appeals to the audience’s emotion because Lincoln is including the audience in the way he feels about the Civil War and the people who are fighting, making the audience believe that they feel the same way that he does. Ethos: Appeal to the speaker’s credibility

When the Gettysburg Address was given, Abraham Lincoln was the President of the United States. He was President during the duration of the war. This makes him credible because he knows why the war is taking place and the goal of freedom that is being obtained. His beliefs are the reason that the war is going on.

Rhetorical Devices:
Mythos: Appeal to tradition
“our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation: conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.” •“these honored dead”
These are examples of mythos because they are relating to the past and how things have always been. •Mythos is used to make the audience think that violating tradition is not appropriate. Allusion: a reference to a work of literature, or to a person, place, or event outside of literature, with which a writer to speaker expects an audience to be familiar. •“Four score and seven years ago” is an allusion to the American Revolution. •The purpose of the allusion is to link the image of freedom from the American Revolution to the freedom of all Americans as the purpose of the Civil War.

Anaphora and Epistrophe
“We cannot dedicate… we cannot consecrate... we cannot hallow this ground.” This is an example of an anaphora where “we cannot” is repeated at the beginning of each phrase. •“government of the people, by the people, for the people” This is an example of an epistrophe because “the people” is repeated at the end of each phrase. •The purpose of using an anaphora and an epistrophe is to establish a rhythm which produces a strong emotional effect.

Personification: a metaphor in which either an inanimate object or an abstract concept is described as being endowed with human attributes, powers, or feelings. •“that nation might live” this is an example of personification, a nation given life. •Personification is used to give vivid images to the audience so that they are able to relate.

Asyndeton: the deliberate omission of conjunctions between a series of related clauses, phrases, or words. •“government of the people, by the people, for the people” is an example of an asyndeton because there are no conjunctions used where there are suppose to be conjunctions. •The purpose of using an asyndeton is to produce a hurried rhythm and an emotional reaction.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Tools of Persuasion in Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address

    ...his life ended too early in the President’s Box of Fords Theatre. His Gettysburg Address demonstrates why we now see him as that great man—he did not antagonize, nor did he show disrespect to the dead, even those who fought for the Confederacy. He treated them all as people of one country, and honored them all equally. Lincoln’s respect fo...

    Read More
  • The Message of the Gettysburg Address

    ...The Message of the Gettysburg Address In 1863, the sixteenth President of the United States found himself engulfed by a horrific civil war and in leading his people to victory, Abraham Lincoln found himself in a predicament that required a well thought out motivational presentation. He found that opportunity with the address at Gettysburg. Pres...

    Read More
  • Abraham Lincoln: The Gettysburg Address

    ... Abraham Lincoln: The Gettysburg Address Vs. Martin Luther King Jr.: Letter from Birmingham Jail Both President Abraham Lincoln and Martin Luther King Jr. mastered the technique of using words to effectively influence and persuade their audience into action. Their words delivered during difficult times in America’s his...

    Read More
  • The Gettysburg Address Paper

    ...Tara Okunade 3/11/08 AP English 3 2nd Prd The Gettysburg Address Imagine being a soldier in a great war, and some of your comrades have been shot down, and there they lay: Dead. Wouldn’t your spirits be lowered? This was the story of the soldiers in the Civil War who watched their friends die and couldn’t do anything about it. On ...

    Read More
  • Analysis of the Gettysburg Address

    ...appeared headed towards stalemate until July 1, 1863 and the 3 day Battle of Gettysburg. This battle was considered, “by most military historians to be the single most decisive turning point in the Civil War” (Encarta). In an effort gain foreign recognition, lessen pressure on confederate forces at Vicksburg, obtain much needed food and clot...

    Read More
  • rhetorical devices gettysburg address are some rhetorical devices of Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln: ll. 1-2 "dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal" -> historical illusion, quote eg. l.3 and l.4 inclusive we -> to involve the listeners l.9 "little note" - "long remember" -> antithesis ll. 5-6 "gave their lives" - "nation might live" -> antithesi...

    Read More
  • Embarking Patriotic Immortality: Rhetorical Analysis of the Gettysburg Address

    ...Daniel Aubertine Dr. Viera 10/11/2011 Final Draft Embarking Patriotic Immortality: Rhetorical Analysis of the Gettysburg Address The Gettysburg address was given on the grounds of a historical battlefield in Gettysburg Pennsylvania during the American Civil War on November 19th, 1863 by the late President Abraham Lincoln. The brief, ...

    Read More
  • Analyzing Seminal Texts: The Gettysburg Address and Pericles Funeral Oration

    ... English 1 September 3, 2014 Analyzing Seminal Texts: The Gettysburg Address and Pericles' Funeral Oration: Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address” and Pericles’ “Funeral Oration” are two of the most memorable speeches given throughout history. On November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln delivered this speech amongst the A...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.