The French Revolution lasted for a long period of ten years. The primary cause of the revolution was the disagreements on ideas of reform. No official power was corrupt, but the whole system of government needing some change was the main issue. It started to be a concern for the peasants, who were becoming upset. At this time in French history, the social classes played an important role in the lives of the people. The society of France was divided among three groups: the First Estate, the Second Estate, and the Third Estate.
The First Estate was the Church. The church was equal in terms of its social, economic, and spiritual power. The First Estate owned nearly 10 per cent of all land in France and seemed rich to other estates. It paid no taxes but to support church, they collected income. This estate contained a very small quantity of 2-3 percent of the estates. The Second Estate was the nobility. They made up less than 2 percent of the population. They paid hardly any taxes, either. Nobles were generally the richest members of the society. Income was rents and dues for the use of their farms or estates. The First and Second Estates were grouped together because they had similar political beliefs. The Third Estate consisted of the commoners; the bourgeoisie, peasants and city workers. The bourgeoisie were the wealthiest. They were the merchants and manufacturers, lawyers, doctors, etc. Peasants made up the largest group within the Third Estate. They were forced to pay taxes, tithes to the church, and rents to their landlords for the land that they lived on. The last groups within the Third Estate were the city workers. They were servants, apprentices, and maids.