The French and Indian War

Topics: Boston Tea Party, American Revolution, Samuel Adams / Pages: 3 (653 words) / Published: Feb 15th, 2014
The French and Indian War culminated in the Treaty of Paris in 1763, which would end French power in North America and British power would reign over North America east of the Mississippi River (Tindall). The French and Indian War, also called The Seven Years ' War, nearly doubled Britain 's national debt and post-war expenses were expected to remain high because the government decided in early 1763 to keep ten thousand British regular soldiers in the American colonies (Stamp Act).
The primary reason for retaining such a large force was that demobilizing the army would put 1,500 officers, many of whom were well-connected in Parliament, out of work. Stationing 10,000 troops to separate Indians and frontiersmen was one role. The outbreak in May 1763 of Pontiac 's Rebellion, an Indian uprising against the British expansion, reinforced the logic of this decision (Stamp Act).
George Grenville became the prime minister in April of 1763. He knew that he would have to find a way to pay for this large peacetime army. Raising taxes in Britain was out of the question, since there had been virulent protests in England against the 1763 cider tax. The Grenville ministry therefore decided that Parliament would raise this revenue by taxing the American colonists without their consent. Parliament had previously passed measures to regulate trade in the colonies, but it had never before directly taxed the colonies to raise revenue (Stamp Act).
The first tax in Grenville 's program to raise a revenue in America was the Sugar Act that was passed on April 5, 1764. American colonists initially objected to the Sugar Act for economic reasons, but before long they recognized that there were constitutional issues involved. The British Constitution guaranteed that British subjects could not be taxed without their consent, which came in the form of representation in Parliament. The colonists elected no members of Parliament, and so for Parliament to tax them was seen as a



Cited: "Boston Tea Party." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 May 2013. Web. 14 June 2013. "Stamp Act 1765." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 7 June 2013. Web. 13 June 2013. "Tea Act." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 June 2013. Web. 13 June 2013. "Townshend Acts." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 June 2013. Web. 13 June 2013.

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