[A] free government homesteads for settlers.
[B] internal improvements.
[C] an end to slavery in the District of Columbia.
[D] support of the Wilmot Proviso.
[E] opposition to slavery in the territories.
31. According to the principle of “popular sovereignty,” the question of slavery in the territories would be determined by
[A] the most popular national leaders.
[B] a Supreme Court decision.
[C] congressional legislation.
[D] the vote of the people in any given territory.
[E] a national referendum.
32. The key issue for the major parties in the 1848 presidential election was
[C] Indian removal.
[E] the economy.
33. The Free Soilers condemned slavery because
[A] of moral principles.
[B] it damaged the national economy.
[C] of the harm it did to blacks.
[D] it destroyed the chances of free white workers to rise to self-employment.
[E] it was the only way they had of combating the appeal of the Democratic party.
34. Harriet Tubman gained fame
[A] as an African-American antislavery novelist.
[B] in the gold fields of California.
[C] by urging white women to oppose slavery.
[D] as an advocate of the Fugitive Slave Law.
[E] by helping slaves to escape to Canada.
35. Daniel Webster’s famed Seventh of March speech in 1850 resulted in
[A] a shift toward compromise in the North.
[B] Senate rejection of a fugitive-slave law.
[C] a movement to draft him for the presidency.
[D] condemnation by northern commercial interests.
[E] charges of accepting bribes.
36. In the debates of 1850, Senator William H. Seward, as a representative of the northern Young Guard, argued that
[A] John C. Calhoun’s compromise plan must be adopted to preserve the Union.
[B] Christian legislators must obey God’s moral law.
[C] the Constitution must be obeyed.
[D] compromise must be achieved to preserve the Union.