What were “the four cardinal virtues of the Lakota” that Sitting Bull embodied? Why do you think that one fellow tribesman remarked that there “was something in Sitting Bull that everyone liked”? Describe how this great Sioux leader also represented the “three distinct personalities” that the Lakota valued.
The “the four cardinal virtues of the Lakota” that Sitting Bull possessed was bravery, fortitude, generosity, and wisdom. These four virtues are characteristics that most leaders we see today have and past leaders held. Tatankalyotanka or Sitting Bull demonstrated these virtues at a very young age and they were precursors to becoming the chief of the Hunkpapa Lakota Sioux tribe. At the age of fourteen, Sitting Bull had not proven his courage but he was known as Slow for his deliberate and willful ways. But after a war party to find horses and scalps of the enemy tribe, the Crow tribe, Slow became a village hero by striking a fleeing Crow member with a tomahawk and showing his bravery at such a young age. “Slow, mounted on a sturdy gray horse his father had given him, his naked body painted yellow from head to foot and hung with colorful strands of beads, shrieked a war cry and galloped in pursuit. The powerful gray swiftly overtook the quarry. Pulling abreast, Slow smashed his adversary with a tomahawk and knocked him from his mount.” (Page: 5) At the age of fourteen now, teenager’s biggest challenge is just starting high school while Sitting Bull started his list of many military victory. Slow then became Sitting Bull and received his feathered lanced from his mother and a shield with the symbol that he saw in a dream from his father. The name Sitting Bull was not only a name passed down from his father but also was a name that would still live to this day because of Sitting Bull’s leadership and resistance to the whites. As Sitting Bull grew older, he showed the four cardinal virtues of bravery, fortitude, generosity, and wisdom countless times. Sitting Bull also showed his suitability for being a leader by the appreciation the tribe members had for Sitting Bull. “There was something in Sitting Bull that everybody liked, children liked him because he was kind, the women because he was kind to the family and liked to settle family troubles. Men liked him because he was brave. Medicine men liked him because they knew he was a man they could consider a leader.” (Page: 5-6) This is very crucial to Sitting Bull success because a person who is extremely well-liked can be trusted and the Sioux people trusted him in battle. Sitting Bull was a person that everyone liked because he had confidence in himself and showed it through his bravery. Also, Sitting Bull proved to his villagers and people that they could be comfortable under his leadership. By helping with family problems, Sitting Bull showed effective ways to resolve problems. By being kind to children, Sitting Bull proved that he would protect the children as if they were his own. And by displaying he was a great leader to the medicine men who were highly respected, Sitting Bull showed that he was an appropriate leader of the Lakota. Along with Sitting Bull character development, he always formed three distinct personalities. First, Sitting Bull developed into an exceptional warrior and huntsman. Sitting Bull has numerous examples of his excellent combat and seeking, it is shown with his number of honors by high ranked village members. He was also, boastful for his deeds but a person of his caliber can justify bragging. Sitting Bull’s second personality a holy man. Another personality was the holy man suffused with reverence and mysticism, communing constantly with Wakantanka, the Great Mysterious, dreaming sacred dreams and carrying out rites and ceremonies the mandated, entreating for the welfare of his people, offering sacrifices ranging from a buffalo carcass to his own flesh.” (Page: 6) Being a holy man, people would believe Sitting Bull would lead in the...
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