The Foundation of Modern Civilization

Topics: Odyssey, Writing, Homer Pages: 4 (935 words) Published: November 10, 2014
The Foundations of Modern Society
By: Damian Marton

There have been countless progressions made over the course of human existence. Many of these have occurred in the last century alone, but I believe our greatest accomplishments transpired between (3000-500 B.C.E.). These eventsLiteracy is what formed the foundations for modern civilization.
Two of ourOur greatest accomplishments occurred around 3000 B.C.E. The people of ancient Mesopotamia started using written language and created bronze around this time. The earliest forms of writing were on clay tablets known as cuneiform, and originally used to keep agricultural records. They used writing as a tool to keep up with the demands of a growing population, while being more efficient with their resources. For the first time in history, not everyone had to farm and gather food to survive. I believe this is what led them to the construction of city-states and allowing them to produce bronze from smelting tin and copper, starting what we now call, The Bronze Age.

It was not until aroundAround (1900 B.C.E.) that we start seeing literature move from agricultural record keeping, used to tell stories for entertainment purposes. The Epic of Gilgamesh is believe to be the earliest known form of written literature in human history. This epic told several stories about king Gilgamesh, ruler of the city-state king Urak. They depicted the relationship and journeys of Gilgamesh and his great friend Enkidu; in such detail, that No onenobody is certain of how accurate these events actually were. However, since they were written hundreds of years after the death of Gilgamesh, but they most likely changed over the years to be more interesting and spectacular. I believe they made them to be more interesting by combining imagination with truth. Only very few people were able to read and write which made documenting events difficult. It was not until much sometime later during the Geometric period (ca. 1000-700...
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