The Foreign Policy Failures of British Governments, 1959 to 1964

Topics: British Empire, United Kingdom, World War II Pages: 2 (1176 words) Published: March 6, 2015
The foreign policy failures of British governments in the years 1959 to 1964 were due to a lack of realism about Britain’s position in the post-war world The years 1959- 1964 saw the occurrence of several foreign policy failures within British Politics. The failures include the formation and downfall of a rival group to the EEC called EFTA, as well as the occurrence of the Suez showing British the loss of the British Empire which previously allowed Britain to stand as a dominating world power. Though, some historians believe that the lack of realism across British politics and society was the root cause of foreign policy failures, whereas other historians tend to disagree. To begin with, it is arguable to suggest that a lack of realism as a whole to trigger the occurrence of foreign policy failures. Society and the government failed to recognise the declining role Britain played in the world. Due to this, many suggest Britain have delayed earlier involvement with Europe. Moreover, there were failures such central aim of British imperial policy was to defeat nationalist revolts and to maintain control over colonies. In 1957, Ghana was Britain’s first African colony to be granted independence which led to a rush of others. Britain was losing her colonies and retreating from empire to commonwealth. Yet, there were not only failures but successes such as Winds of Change led to a positive series of decolonised countries compared to other countries which showed Britain did have a sense of reality, as well as joining NATO and UN and Test Ban Treaty 1963.

The independence movements which derived during World War II are recognised as turns in history saw the occurrence of individual and political protests as well as strikes and boycotts across global colonies in the demand for independence. Therefore some may argue it to be inevitable that Britain found such movements very difficult to control. This is includes the violent Mau Mau Rebellion of 1952 which is...
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