The Forces of Achilles in the Iliad
Simone Weil’s portrayal of the forces within the Iliad shows violence reducing its conveyer and its heirs to mere objects and Achilles being the embodiment of the force’s multivalent meaning as it develops from violence to a gallant virtue. This can be interpreted from Achilles first being introduced as the archetype of a caustic potency but soon realizes that his true force is greater than the simple martial dominance over another when he self-imprisons himself within his tent. When Achilles is not present in the theater of war, force is shown to be the possible fury of the Greek leader and the parenthetic interval in time because the plot is awaiting his reappearance in combat. During the absence of Achilles, time is measured narratologically through the Greeks lacking leadership and the dominance that Hector and the Trojans hold through their violent force; meanwhile, for Achilles, force becomes a moral virtue with friendship as a stake in the war through his combined losses of Briseis, Agamemnon, and Patroclos to the Trojans; thus, leading to his decision of abandoning his self-imprisonment and returning to the municipal of the Greeks. His kind-heartedness towards Priam opens Achilles to a moral outlook of forces as a valiant quality and the reader toward a aspect of time within the narrative; consequently, making the future become the caring factor of Achilles as he makes his way towards the end of narrative.
The strong point of “The Forces of Achilles in the Iliad” is found when Champagne elaborates on the five stages of force associated with the character of Achilles; the first being a direct result from Achilles’ decision to withdraw from the battleground and the next four being more humane expansions of the psychological interpretation of force. In the first interpretation of force, force is seen as a destructive might due to the following reasons: 1) the Iliad is a violent epic where one...
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