First Nations is the name used by Canada's Aboriginal or indigenous people, which refer to Indian people and may sometimes, include the Metis and Inuit. Terminology referring to Aboriginal or Native people is complex and is not always what Aboriginal persons would call them. The term "Indian" is defined as either a member of any of the Aboriginal peoples of the Western Hemisphere (but excluding the Inuit and the Métis), or in the legal sense of the Indian Act. The term "Inuit," replacing the term "Eskimo" during the 1970’s, identifies the people of northern Canada, Alaska, Greenland and eastern Siberia. The Métis are Aboriginal people of mixed ancestry, Indian and French, English or Scottish background. Some Métis regard themselves as the only true Aboriginal or "original" people, since they alone emerged as a new group in North America (The Canadian Encyclopedia). The First Nations, otherwise known as Aboriginals are the natives of Canada. They are known as the founders of Canada because they are the first Indigenes of Canada; they were the rulers of the land before the colonization of the Europeans in the mid 1700’s. From 1763 to 1927 the Aboriginals were forced to renounce their languages, cultural practices, beliefs and any other connection to their Aboriginal way of life by the Europeans, but from 1951 to 1996 the ban on the Aboriginal ceremonies were lifted and the Aboriginal land and treaty rights were affirmed by the government(Where are the Children). The Aboriginal people may consider themselves as minority indigenous people because due to the tragic history majority of them are now known as the scoundrels of Canada, even though they are called the “Fathers of Canada” only four percent of the total Canadian population is free while ten percent are in jail (Huffington Post). The Aboriginals felt unappreciated because they had restricted rights, they worked towards getting self-government and so they formed The Aboriginal Rights; which are generally seen...
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