The First Civilizations of North America/Old Worlds, New Worlds

Topics: Native Americans in the United States, Europe, Protestant Reformation Pages: 2 (654 words) Published: October 25, 2010
The First Civilizations of North America/Old Worlds, New Worlds

15,000 years ago, during the Ice Age the first humans’ inhabitants walked across the Bering Land Bridge from Siberia to Alaska of what will become America creating a new civilization. The Siberian descendants slowly spread out to the east and south of the continent, and build complex societies. Anthropologists have found a variety of language and culture; depending on the environmental conditions many of the tribes that lived in close proximity shared similar languages and lifestyle. The regions with the population that share similar cultures were divided into the Southwest, Great Plains and the Eastern Woodlands. The Western hemisphere was unknown to Europeans until the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492. When the Nomads came, they found a land rich in food resources that included big-game animals like the Mammoths and mastodons, because food was abundant the population spread throughout quickly. When the ice Age came to an end, they began to adapt to the change in their environment. The biggest change was for the native people in Mesoamerica, because they began to farm the land and settle in one place in the region. The Olmecs were the first group to build cities, but the Mayans and the Aztecs develop complex societies, that included architecture, government, trade and religious worshiping. In the Southwest the Indians cultivated maize, beans and pumpkins, and also invented an elaborate irrigation system to water the fields. The people in the Great Plains were hunters, relying on animals to provide them with food, clothing and shelter and were constantly moving. The Eastern Woodlands they depended in a combination of hunting, fishing and gathering, but were also known for their building skills of elaborate burial mounds and trading networks. Long before the arrival of Europeans the Native American cultures already lived in a diverse and sophisticated society. Before Europeans decided...
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