The Field of Foucaultian Discourse Analysis: Structures, Developments and Perspectives Rainer Diaz-Bone, Andrea D. Bührmann, Encarnación Gutiérrez Rodríguez, Werner Schneider, Gavin Kendall & Francisco Tirado Abstract: The article outlines the field of FOUCAULTian discourse analysis. The FOUCAULTian concept of discourse is introduced, and methodological positions and methodological developments are sketched. Compared to other qualitative social research approaches, the different researchers and research groups that have adopted the FOUCAULTian concept of discourse are not linked by a fully integrated common research paradigm. However, they share common methodological problems and areas of methodological research resulting from various references to FOUCAULTian positions. In the last decade, different research groups have become aware of these shared commonalities, so that one can speak of an emerging field of FOUCAULTian discourse analysis rather than an emerging paradigm. The article gives insight into the discourse analytic research in selected countries, discusses the internationalisation of FOUCAULTian discourse analysis and highlights current trends and perspectives. Key words: Michel Foucault, Foucaultian discourse analysis, discourse analysis, field, paradigm Table of Contents
2. The FOUCAULTian Conception of Discourse and FOUCAULTian Discourse Analysis 3. Structures and Positions in the Field of FOUCAULTian Discourse Analysis 3.1 France
3.3 Great Britain
3.4 Austria and the Netherlands
4. Trends and Perspectives
5. Conclusion: A Still-emerging Field in Qualitative Social Research Notes
This article outlines the field of FOUCAULTian discourse analysis as a developing subdiscipline in the area of qualitative social research. We speak of "field", because discourse analysis which is informed by or oriented to the work of FOUCAULT is not an integrated paradigm in the sense made famous by KUHN (1962). After the FOUCAULTian notion of discourse and the conception of discourse analysis that "works with FOUCAULT" are presented, some of the different local/national scenes of discourse analysis are sketched. This will be done mainly by reference to national approaches because so far there does not seem to be a strong transnational structure of the field—although there are some networks, such as in the "sub"-fields of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), that transcend national boundaries. Then we shall discuss current strands and perspectives of FOUCAULTian discourse analysis as far as they are represented in the articles of this special issue. In short, can we state: (1) the collection of articles in this FQS issue presents converging developments but also the heterogeneity of the field of FOUCAULTian discourse analysis and (2) the different groups and national scenes have started to connect themselves internationally.  2. The FOUCAULTian Conception of Discourse and FOUCAULTian Discourse Analysis Today the theoretical work of Michel FOUCAULT is widely regarded as being part of the theoretical body of social sciences like sociology, social history, political sciences and social psychology. But FOUCAULTian notions are also fundamental in other dynamic fields such as cultural studies, gender studies and postcolonial studies. Discourse theory concepts and arguments are no longer restricted to linguistics or other sciences of language use. Today they are part of the social sciences.1) One of the reasons for this spread beyond the purely linguistic is that FOUCAULT conceived discourse as social structure and discursive practice as social practice. "Discourse" is not simply dialogue or philosophical monologue. The term "discourse" was first used to signify the grammatical structure of narratives (BARTHES, 1988). Here "discourse" was conceived as the order overarching the level of the sentence. For a long time the various...
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