The Feasibility of Ripe Aratiles (Muntingia calabura) as a Source of Bioethanol

Topics: Carbon dioxide, Greenhouse gas, Ethanol fuel Pages: 13 (2724 words) Published: January 5, 2014

Valenzuela City Science High School
A Marcelo st.Dalandanan, Valenzuela City

The Feasibility of Ripe Aratiles (Muntingia calabura) as a Source of Bioethanol

Table of Contents
Abstract ...........................................................................................................................2 Introduction……………………………………………………………………….……………..3 Background of the Study......…………………………………………………………………………….…..3 Significance of the Study ...............................................................................…...4 Scope and Delimitation ..................................................................................…...4 Statement of the problem…………………………………………………………...…….…………….…4 Hypothesis ...........................................................................................................4 Definition of terms ............................................................................................... 4 Review of Related Literature……………….........................…………………….……...….5 Research Methodology……………… ......……………….........…………………….…….…8 Presentation, Analysis and interpretation…………………………………….………………………………………….….10 Summary and Conclusion...........……………………………….……………………………………….…….11 Recommendation…………………..……………………………………………….…………11 Appendix .......................................................................................................................12 Bibliography…………………………………………………………….................................14

Abstract
These days, the air pollution is very common. And one factor for this problem is the carbon emissions from the vehicles. Vehicles that use petrol or gas are a liquid mixture created from crude oil. It is true that using petrol, you can travel a hundred kilometer with a full tank, but it greatly affects the environment as it produce carbon when burned. The bioethanol is a high octane fuel and can be an alternative for the lead in the petrol (or gas) used by the vehicles. The combustion of bioethanol results in a clean emission because it produces far less carbon dioxide as the fuel crop absorbs the carbon dioxide, thus results to a good air quality. It’s also environmentally friendly for it uses a biodegradable source to make this kind of product. Unlike the petrol, it can harm the soil and might lead to damage with the food chain. The use of bioethanol can be an alternative for the petrol. This study aims to make a better bioethanol from the Muntingia calibura fruit (muntingia calibura) as an alternative for petrol. Three setups were prepare with different amount of Muntingia calibura fruit and fermented. After the fermentation, each setup was then distilled and then the ethanol was collected. Each setup was repeated three times. During the experimentation, there was no ethanol produced by each distillation process. Thus, the experimentation can’t proceed to the comparing of the ethanol produced to the commercial gas. It is concluded that the amount of ripe Muntingia calibura fruits used does not affects the quality of the bioethanol produced and there is ano significant difference on the theoretical and the change in the length of time to burn, color, and odor of the bioethanol produced.

Chapter 1
Introduction
Background of the study
These days, the air pollution is very common. And one factor for this problem is the carbon emissions from the vehicles. Vehicles that use petrol or gas are a liquid mixture created from crude oil. It is true that using petrol, you can travel a hundred kilometer with a full tank, but it greatly affects the environment as it produce carbon when burned. When a vehicle is running, there are so many different types of gasses and particles emitted. These things can have detrimental effects on the environment. Of particular concern to the environment is carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas that causes the climate change that were experiencing right now. The ozone...


Bibliography: Biofuel Technology Handbook. (ND). Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/51668663/Properties-of-Bioethanol. pg 40-58
Ethanol Facts: Environment. (ND). Retrieved from http://www.ethanolrfa.org/pages/ethanol-facts-environment
Introduction. ProSim. (ND). Retrieved from http://www.bioethanol.prosim.net/E10_BioethanolPlant.pdf
What are the Benefits of using Bioethanol. (ND). Retrieved from http://environment.about.com/od/ethanolfaq/f/ethanol_benefit.htm
What is Bioethanol. (ND). Retrieved from
http://www.esru.strath.ac.uk/EandE/Web_sites/02-03/biofuels/what_bioethanol.htm
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