The meaning of communism is defined as economic and social system in which all property and resources are collectively owned by a classless society and not by individual citizens. There has never been a communist state but the old Soviet Union, China, Cuba and North Korea would probably say differently. The Americans feared Soviet control over Eastern Europe. However, the Soviets were strong in maintaining their presence on Eastern Europe as a way to preserve their dominance in spreading communism worldwide.
As the Cold War froze throughout the late 1940’s, the U.S. was providing aide to Western Europe but only out of false support for Senator Joseph McCarthy. He was creating lists of people who didn’t support America and could be accused of being communist. With the help of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), these people were mostly jailed and/or lost their jobs. McCarthy even accused President Truman of being a communist.
The Soviet Union blockaded the Western sectors of Germany and formed the Warsaw Pact, which made a unified military organization within the Soviet-bloc countries. From 1948 to 1949, the Berlin airlift provided food, clothing and medical supplies. The U.S. along with other European allies formed the North Atlantic Treaty of Organization (NATO), which was a unified military command to resist the Soviet presence in Europe. Joseph Stalin eventually lifted the blockade and officially left Germany divided into two countries (East and West Germany).
There were many key people throughout the Cold War. Dean Acheson was important in developing U.S. foreign policy through the height of the Cold War from 1948 to 1953. He helped maintain the Western Alliance between Great Britain and France and was advisor to four presidents. John Dulles was Secretary of State to Dwight Eisenhower and a part of U.S. foreign policy. Kim Philby was a British intelligence officer and considered the most successful Soviet Union double agent....
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