Why Did The Roman Republic Fall?
“The disintegration of the Roman Republic is the first example in European history of the collapse of a constitutional system.” Before the Roman Republic, the Roman Kingdom existed, and in 509 BC the kingdom was replaced by the republican government. At 27 BC, the Roman Republic collapsed, and the Roman Empire was formed on the republic’s foundations. The early Roman Republic was greatly influenced by the Etruscans. “The Roman model for their Republic was based in part on the Etruscan Monarchy and hierarchical structure.” The Republic’s main principle was that they did not want a dictatorship through blood lines, but that the mass chooses their leaders. The ideology of the Senate was that, “… it was not an elected body, but one whose members were appointed by the consuls, and later by the censors.” The republican government was a complete mess that arose out of practical need; there also was no account of a written constitution made by the Republic. The Roman Republic’s origin was located in the city of Rome, Italy. At that time, Rome was considered the center of the Mediterranean world. The true fall of the Roman Republic is the result of too many problems for the romans to handle. In the Roman Republic there were four offices of ordinary magistrates, the office of Quaestor, the office of Aedile, the office of Praetor, and the office of the Consul. The Roman Republic was led by two Consuls, who were the elected leaders of the Roman state and the commanders of the army. The two Consuls were only elected for two years. The main role of consuls was to prepare and propose new laws. After their term had finished, they could not be re-elected for another 10 years, in order to prevent tyranny. The Praetor had either the job of being the commander of an army, or be in charge of many functions in Rome. In the city, any leadership functions of a corporate body can be considered praetorial. The Aedile was...
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