The Failure of Education in Nepal

Topics: New York City, School, Education Pages: 12 (2930 words) Published: September 15, 2009

Tara Prasad Bhusal
Lecturer of Economics
Patan Multiple Campus,
Tribhuvan University ,Nepal

Although, we have experienced more than three decades of New Education System, education in Nepal has failed. We are not adequately preparing our students for professional and technical positions and are thus losing the technology race. We are not inspiring our students to think critically: to read, to study. Thus we are losing the intellectual fight as well. Ultimately, the problem is that education is viewed in Nepal as a degraded activity, completely alienated from more rewarding, productive activities and from more enjoyable, leisure pursuits. Thus education is neither rewarding nor stimulating, for the student or the teacher. It is, in fact, a necessary evil—drudgery, like housework. The problem is not simply a matter of systems integration or role conflict. The problem is inherent in the nature of modern capitalism, which demands and rewards productive labor while relegating reproductive and leisure activities to the individual's "free" time. As industry becomes increasingly alienated from family, family members experience the alienation of productive and reproductive labor, on the one hand, and labor and leisure, on the other. As education becomes increasingly alienated from family; the child experiences school as alienation from leisure, in childhood, and from labor, in adulthood. In the process, education becomes degraded. Once the individual has completed school, education (in fact, learning and thinking) have become totally divorced from productive labor and degraded as unrewarding and un-stimulating. Thus educated adults do not want to become teachers and adults, more generally, do not want to read, write, or think. Thus intellectual activity is abandoned and degraded. Thus we can not or will not read or think. The failure ofNepalese education is rooted in the development of open and free economy and reproduced in the socialization of our children. Thus we can trace the roots of the education crisis, historically, in the destruction of household crafts and subsistence farming, and in the experience of child rearing and education in contemporary society. Household craft production and subsistence farming characterized the Nepalese economy in the early nineteenth century. The family was the basic unit of production and reproduction. There was a gender and age based division of labor, but the process of producing and consuming the necessities of life and preparing the children to assume the responsibilities of adulthood was experienced collectively as a unified whole—the essence of family life. The distinction between productive and reproductive labor and the distinction between working and learning were difficult to maintain. The family produced essentially all that it needed, while teaching children the practical skills required in the domestic economy. Even the distinction between labor and leisure was difficult to sustain, since both were family activities. The development of commercial commodity production involved reorienting family production and reproduction (or subsistence) to the market for goods and services. The development of rational, labor saving devices and forms of collective enterprise involved, above all, the attempt to distill pure productive labor power (stripped from its human context in which it is indistinguishable from reproductive and leisure activities). As the market value of productive labor and its products becomes the basis for calculating the value of distinctive economic activities, productive, paid labor becomes increasingly important. At the same time, unpaid, reproductive labor and leisure activities become degraded as "women's work" or "child's play" that should not interfere with "more important" work—the paid employment of men. As productive enterprise became increasingly complex, in the efforts to "rationalize" production, the...

Bibliography: - ALLPORT, Gordon W. "Values and Our Youth." Teachers College Record, LXIII (1961), 211-219.
- ALLPORT, Joseph et al. Ghetto Schools: Problems and Panaceas (New York, 1968).
- ANDREW III, John A. The Other Side of the Sixties: Young Americans for Freedom and the Rise of Conservative Politics. (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1997).
- Berman, Paul. A Tale of Two Utopias: The Political Journey of the Generation of 1968. (New York: Norton, 1996).
- BERUBE, Maurice R. and Marilyn GITTELL, eds. Confrontation at Ocean Hill-Brownsville: The New York School Strikes of 1968 (New York: Praeger, 1969).
- BHAERMAN, Steve and Joel DENKER. No Particular Place to Go: The Making of a Free High School (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1982).
- BRUNER, Jerome S. The Process of Education (Cambridge, 1960).
- BUNZEL, John H., ed. Political Passages: Journeys of Change Through Two Decades, 1968-1988 (New York, 1988).
- BURNER, David. Making Peace with the 60s. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996).
- Carter, Barbara. Pickets, Parents, and Power: The Story behind the New York City Teachers Strike (New York: Citation Press, 1971).
- CAUTE, David. The Year of the Barricades: A Journey through 1968 (New York: Harper and Row, 1988).
- CHAFFE-STENGEL, Priscilla M. "The Curriculum Reform Movement of the 1960s: Bruner 's Impact." Doctoral dissertation, Stanford University, 1986.
- CHANDLER, B.J., Lindley J. STILES, and John I. KITSUSE, eds., Education in Urban Society (New York, 1962).
- COHEN, David K. "Jurists and Educators on Urban Schools: The Wright Decision and the Passow Report." Teachers College Record, LXX (1968), 233-245.
- COLEMAN, James S. and Ernest Q. CAMPBELL. Equality of Educational Opportunity (Washington, DC, 1966).
- COLEMAN, James S. The Adolescent Society (Glencoe, IL, 1969).
- COLLIER, Peter and David HOROWITZ. Destructive Generation: Second Thoughts about the 1960s (New York, 1989).
- CONANT, James B. Slums and Suburbs (New York, 1961).
- CONANT, James B. Shaping Educational Policy (New York, 1964).
- CRAIN, Robert L. The Politics of School Desegregation (New York, 1968).
- DEXTER, Lewis A. The Tyranny of Schooling (New York, 1964).
- DRAKE, Frederick D. "The New Left and Cold War Revisionism: Analysis and Implications for Teaching History." Doctoral dissertation, Illinois State University, 1984.
- FARBER, David. Chicago, '68 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968).
- FARBER, David, ed. The Sixties: From Memory to History (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994).
- FARRELL, James J. The Spirit of the Sixties: Making Postwar Radicalism (New York: Routledge, 1997).
- FRASER, Ronald, et al. 1968: A Student Generation in Revolt (New York: Pantheon, 1988).
- FRIEDENBERG, Edgar Z. Coming of Age in America: Growth and Acquiescence (New York, 1965).
- FRIEDENBERG, Edgar Z., et al. The Anti-American Generation (Chicago, 1970).
- GINZBERG, Eli, ed. The Nation 's Children (New York, 1960).
- GINZBERG, Eli, ed. Values and Ideals of American Youth (New York, 1961).
- GITLIN, Todd. The Sixties: Years of Hope, Days of Rage (New York: Bantam Books, 1988).
- GOODLAD, John I. et al. The Changing American School, 65th Yearbook for the National Society for the Study of Education, part II (Chicago, 1966).
- GOODMAN, Paul. Compulsory Mis-Education and the Community of Scholars (New York, 1966).
- GRACEY, Harry L. Curriculum or Craftsmanship: Elementary Schoolteachers in a Bureaucratic System (Chicago, 1972).
- GRAHAM, Hugh Davis. The Uncertain Triumph: Federal Education Policy in the Kennedy and Johnson Years (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984).
- HOLT, John C. How Children Fail (New York, 1964).
- HOLT, John C. How Children Learn (New York, 1967).
- HOLT, John C. The Underachieving School (New York, 1969).
- ILLICH, Ivan. Deschooling Society (New York, 1971).
- JACOBS, Ron. The Way the Wind Blew: A History of the Weather Underground (New York: Verso, 1979).
- JEFFREY, Julie Roy. Education for Children of the Poor: A Study of the Origins and Implementation of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of l965 (Columbus, OH, 1978).
- JENCKS, Christopher. "The Future of American Education." The Radical Papers. Ed. by Irving Howe (New York, 1966).
- JENCKS, Christopher. "Education Vouchers: Giving Parents Money to Pay for Schooling." New Republic, CLXIII (1970), 19-21.
- KATZ, Michael B. "The Present Moment in Educational Reform." Harvard Educational Review, XLI (1971), 342-359.
- KERBER, August and Barbara BOMMARITO, eds. The Schools and the Urban Crisis: A Book of Readings (New York, 1965).
- LEVINE, Daniel U. "The Integration-Compensatory Education Controversy." Educational Forum, XXXII (1968), 323-332.
- LEVITT, Cyril. Children of Privilege: Student Revolt in the Sixties (Toronto, 1984).
- LEWY, Guenter. Peace and Revolution: The Moral Crisis of American Pacifism (Grand Rapids, MI, 1988).
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • The Education Failures Essay
  • Essay on Failure of Nepal Development Bank Ltd.
  • education Essay
  • Education in Nepal Essay
  • Education: Failure and Different Appearance Essay
  • Education and Failure Grade Essay
  • Nepal Essay
  • Essay on NEPAL

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free