The Fail of Economic Independence Strategy as A Result of Social Sentiments During late nineteenth and early twentieth century, in order to reach their goal of equality, literate blacks with sympathetic whites began to fight against Jim Crow and injustice using different concepts-some black leaders urged for equal rights; while some believed that, instead of political rights, economic independence and contribution to the society could improve black people’s social positions gradually (Cuban 79). The economic strategy did not success because it did not associate all the problems in the society where whites were still considering themselves as blacks’ owners. It is impossible to change the situation by conforming themselves to the white social clues. Believing whites would treat blacks equally if African American gave up their daily rights, the financial independence theory urged black people to give up their voting rights for equality in education, which can not work out because whites were waiting for every opportunity to reinforce their social status. Claiming that gaining economic independence and contributing to the communities would improve blacks’ inferiority gradually, Washington and Garvey set up nationwide economic independence movements, which increase the discrimination towards black property owners because whites would not tolerate any possibility for blacks to compete fairly with them. Because of whites’ long-lasted discrimination towards blacks, the strategy of financial independence and owning property, which relied on whites to treat them fairly in the society, can not solve the problem of injustice but intensified the racism. The economic approach ignored the importance of fighting for equal daily rights but relied on whites to give blacks fair respect- Washington wanted whites to give blacks rights of education as a prize for their sacrifice of giving up their voting rights. Booker T. Washington, a represent of the black leaders who struggled...
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