The Expected Pattern of Children and Young People’s Development from Birth to 19 Years:

Topics: Behavior, Developmental psychology, Psychology Pages: 12 (3493 words) Published: June 25, 2013
Unit Assessment

NCFE L2 Award in Support Work in Schools (QAN 501/0247/3)

Task 1. The expected pattern of children and young people’s development from Birth to 19 years:
a.Physical development

0 – 12 months
Sleeps for long periods/grows fastDevelops Pincer grasp
Tries to lift head/kick legs and wave armsBegins to Sit and May crawl Begins to hold objects and enjoys finger playStarts to pass object from one hand to the other Becomes more alertDrops things deliberately

Learns to roll and establishes head control

1 – 3 years
Is now very mobile crawls, cruises, walksTaking part in Action songs Starts going upstairs (Supervised)Starts using potty
Has mature pincer grasp, can scribbleCan feed self
Can stack bricks to make tower8-24mths Comes downstairs on front with help. Comes down upright from 2-3yrs Can hold their cup without help.Learns to pedal, tries throwing a ball, kicks ball Bends to pick up objectsFine motor skills improve

Can do simple Jigsaw puzzlesStarts to climb
Can undress and tried to dressEnjoys construction activities

3 – 5 years
Usually clean and dry but may have occasional accidentsFine motor skills continue improve, e.g. learning to use scissors Runs well and stopsContinues to enjoy action songs
Competent at gross motor skills such as riding tricycle, jumping, climbingNeeds space, materials and opportunities to play cooperatively with other children Throws and catches a ball but still inaccurate

5 – 11 years
May have occasional wet accidents if absorbed in activity or upset.Has improved gross motor skills & coordination so more proficient at running, climbing & balancing. Can dress/undress but may need help with intricate fastenings and shoelaces if under 7 years.Fine motor skills continue to improve, with better pencil control. Is more competent at handling & making things. Enjoys swimming activities and learns to swim.Enjoys action songs, singing & dancing games. Improved ball skills but still learning to use bat.Grows taller and thinner and losses baby teeth. May learn to ride a bicycle beginning with stabilisers.Continues to enjoy singing and dancing games.

11 – 19 years
Can dress/undress including intricate fastenings & shoelaces.Improved fine motor skills makes handwriting easier and more legible. Enjoys team games and sports.Can do more complex construction activities. Grows taller & thinner & continues to lose baby teeth.Enjoys singing and dancing but performs set dance routines instead of dancing games. Rides a bike with competence and confidence.Needs space, materials and opportunities to play cooperatively with other children.

b.Communication and Intellectual development

0-12 Months
Recognises Parents and familiar facesRecognises family names but cannot say them Aware of different smellsShows an interest in everything
Puts things in their mouthPlay’s game such as peek a boo
Observes moving objects & bright lightsSearches for hidden objects from 8 months Stores & recalls information through imagesExplores immediate environments Is egocentricImitates peoples actions

Cries to show distress or hungerEnjoys looking at pictures and books Recognises familiar voices2 syllable sounds from about 7 months Aware of sounds & Turns head towards noisesUse single syllable sounds Starts babblingMay understand 15-20 words

1-3 Years
Concentrates more due to curiosityProcesses info through language Follows one step instructionsShows preferences
Recognises objects & picturesIdentifies facial featured & main body parts Points to objectsFollows two step instructions
Matches basic colours & shapesPoints to named objects in pictures Does simple puzzlesBegins to ask ‘why’, ‘what’ etc
Vocabulary increases by 10-30 words a monthParticipates in simple finger rhymes Can use pluralsBy 24 months most children can say up to 200 words. Start to use negatives e.g. No milk

3-5 Years
Learns basic concepts through play...
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