NCFE L2 Award in Support Work in Schools (QAN 501/0247/3)
Task 1. The expected pattern of children and young people’s development from Birth to 19 years:
0 – 12 months
Sleeps for long periods/grows fast
Develops Pincer grasp
Tries to lift head/kick legs and wave arms
Begins to Sit and May crawl Begins to hold objects and enjoys finger play
Starts to pass object from one hand to the other Becomes more alert
Drops things deliberately
Learns to roll and establishes head control
1 – 3 years
Is now very mobile crawls, cruises, walks
Taking part in Action songs Starts going upstairs (Supervised)
Starts using potty
Has mature pincer grasp, can scribble
Can feed self
Can stack bricks to make tower
8-24mths Comes downstairs on front with help. Comes down upright from 2-3yrs Can hold their cup without help.
Learns to pedal, tries throwing a ball, kicks ball Bends to pick up objects
Fine motor skills improve
Can do simple Jigsaw puzzles
Starts to climb
Can undress and tried to dress
Enjoys construction activities
3 – 5 years
Usually clean and dry but may have occasional accidents
Fine motor skills continue improve, e.g. learning to use scissors Runs well and stops
Continues to enjoy action songs
Competent at gross motor skills such as riding tricycle, jumping, climbing
Needs space, materials and opportunities to play cooperatively with other children Throws and catches a ball but still inaccurate
5 – 11 years
May have occasional wet accidents if absorbed in activity or upset.
Has improved gross motor skills & coordination so more proficient at running, climbing & balancing. Can dress/undress but may need help with intricate fastenings and shoelaces if under 7 years.
Fine motor skills continue to improve, with better pencil control. Is more competent at handling & making things. Enjoys swimming activities and learns to swim.
Enjoys action songs, singing & dancing games. Improved ball skills but still learning to use bat.
Grows taller and thinner and losses baby teeth. May learn to ride a bicycle beginning with stabilisers.
Continues to enjoy singing and dancing games.
11 – 19 years
Can dress/undress including intricate fastenings & shoelaces.
Improved fine motor skills makes handwriting easier and more legible. Enjoys team games and sports.
Can do more complex construction activities. Grows taller & thinner & continues to lose baby teeth.
Enjoys singing and dancing but performs set dance routines instead of dancing games. Rides a bike with competence and confidence.
Needs space, materials and opportunities to play cooperatively with other children.
Communication and Intellectual development
Recognises Parents and familiar faces
Recognises family names but cannot say them Aware of different smells
Shows an interest in everything
Puts things in their mouth
Play’s game such as peek a boo
Observes moving objects & bright lights
Searches for hidden objects from 8 months Stores & recalls information through images
Explores immediate environments Is egocentric
Imitates peoples actions
Cries to show distress or hunger
Enjoys looking at pictures and books Recognises familiar voices
2 syllable sounds from about 7 months Aware of sounds & Turns head towards noises
Use single syllable sounds Starts babbling
May understand 15-20 words
Concentrates more due to curiosity
Processes info through language Follows one step instructions
Recognises objects & pictures
Identifies facial featured & main body parts Points to objects
Follows two step instructions
Matches basic colours & shapes
Points to named objects in pictures Does simple puzzles
Begins to ask ‘why’, ‘what’ etc
Vocabulary increases by 10-30 words a month
Participates in simple finger rhymes Can use plurals
By 24 months most children can say up to 200 words. Start to use negatives e.g. No milk
Learns basic concepts through play...
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