The Expected Pattern of Children and Young People’s Development from Birth to 19 Years:

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The Expected Pattern of Children and Young People’s Development from Birth to 19 Years:
Unit Assessment

NCFE L2 Award in Support Work in Schools (QAN 501/0247/3)

Task 1. The expected pattern of children and young people’s development from Birth to 19 years: a. Physical development 0 – 12 months
Sleeps for long periods/grows fast Develops Pincer grasp
Tries to lift head/kick legs and wave arms Begins to Sit and May crawl
Begins to hold objects and enjoys finger play Starts to pass object from one hand to the other
Becomes more alert Drops things deliberately
Learns to roll and establishes head control

1 – 3 years
Is now very mobile crawls, cruises, walks Taking part in Action songs
Starts going upstairs (Supervised) Starts using potty
Has mature pincer grasp, can scribble Can feed self
Can stack bricks to make tower 8-24mths Comes downstairs on front with help. Comes down upright from 2-3yrs
Can hold their cup without help. Learns to pedal, tries throwing a ball, kicks ball
Bends to pick up objects Fine motor skills improve
Can do simple Jigsaw puzzles Starts to climb
Can undress and tried to dress Enjoys construction activities

3 – 5 years
Usually clean and dry but may have occasional accidents Fine motor skills continue improve, e.g. learning to use scissors
Runs well and stops Continues to enjoy action songs
Competent at gross motor skills such as riding tricycle, jumping, climbing Needs space, materials and opportunities to play cooperatively with other children
Throws and catches a ball but still inaccurate

5 – 11 years
May have occasional wet accidents if absorbed in activity or upset. Has improved gross motor skills & coordination so more proficient at running, climbing & balancing.
Can dress/undress but may need help with intricate fastenings and shoelaces if under 7 years. Fine motor skills continue to improve, with better pencil control. Is more competent at handling & making things.
Enjoys swimming activities and learns to swim. Enjoys action songs, singing & dancing games.

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