The Evolution of Management Theory Notes

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Topics: Management
• The Evolution of Management Theory Chapter 2
• 2. The driving force behind the evolution of management theory is the search for better ways to utilize organizational resources.
• 3. The Evolution of Management Theory 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Scientific Management Theory Administrative Management Theory Behavioral Management Theory Management Science Theory Organizational Environment Theory
• 4. Evolution of modern management began in the late nineteenth century, after the industrial revolution. Economic, technical and cultural changes
• 5. Mechanization changed systems like crafts production into large scale manufacturing, where semi or unskilled workers operated machineries.
• 6. Small-scale Crafts Production Large-scale Mechanized Manufacturing Managed by engineers who only had Technical orientation Problems faced: How to handle people Social problems relating to working t ogether in large groups How to increase efficiency of the worker-task mix
• 7. Job specialization and the Division of Labor Famous economist, Adam Smith , journeyed around England in 1700’s studying the effects of industrial revolution.
• 8. Each worker responsible for All tasks Each worker performed only 1 or a few tasks to produce Crafts-style Factory System Poorer performance Few thousands p/d Cannot be equally Skilled in all tasks Better performance 48,000 pins p/d More skilled at their tasks
• 9. Job Specialization Division of Labor Increased Efficiency Better Organizational performance
• 10.
• 11. With insights gained from Adam Smith’s observations, other managers and researchers began to investigate how to improve job specialization to increase performance. They focused on how to organize and control the work process.
• 12. F.W. Taylor (1856-1915) Scientific Management The systematic study of relationships between people and tasks for the purpose of redesigning the work process to increase efficiency.
• 13. Taylor believed that if the

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