December 22, 2012
In Europe imperialism accelerated between 1870 and 1920 due to economic, political and social forces. The European nations developed ambitions because of the Industrial Revolution with advances in technology these nations were able to spread their control over the less-developed parts of the world. The empire-building frenzy has been viewed in a variety of perspectives on its causes.
The economic force that is most responsible for the new imperialism that began in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries because of the demand of colonial raw materials (Doc. 1). Each country touched by the industrial revolution needed a "cash crop" to manufacture into a selling product. The raw materials were abundant and evident in Africa during the time. This powered this imperialistic movement at the time.
A political force that takes countries in Europe at the time felt like their government was better than another country that is less developed and untouched by the industrial revolution. The thought that motivated this superiority emerged from political ambitions, the nations' will to power, glory or national greatness (Doc 3). Most countries at the time went to the new lands. England for example, set up trading posts throughout the world as distributing points for American products (Doc 2). The feeling of superiority was most evident when Cecil Rhodes said "I contend that we (Britons) are the finest race in the world we inhabit." this shows us that the British were the powerhouse of the time and would stop at nothing for total domination. Another point in the Americas is when President Mckinley explained why the United States took over the Philippines. “We could not leave them to themselves. They were unfit for self-government. There was nothing left for us to do but to take them over.” This
Socially, the British thought they were better than others simply because they were white, could speak, and had advanced technologies.