The Essense of Nursing According to Imogene M. King

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Imogene M. King - Theory of Goal Attainment
Yesenia Acevedo, Marcie Jenkins-Williams & Christina Suarez
Grand Canyon University
NUR - 502
Dr. Kerns
May 22, 2011 Imogene M. King - Theory of Goal Attainment
What is the essence of nursing? This is the question that Imogene M. King posed when she created a conceptual frame of reference for nursing. “King’s conceptual system included twelve concepts that were identified from her analysis of nursing literature – self, body image, role perception, communication, interaction, transaction, growth and development, power authority, organization, and decision making” (King, 1981). The concepts of self, perception, communication, interaction, transaction, role and decision making were selected to represent how individuals and groups in the health care system interact to achieve goals. “This transaction model developed to represent the process whereby individuals interact to set goals that result in goal attainment” (King, 1981).
The theory of goal attainment, developed by Imogene M. King, is based on the “assumption that human beings are the focus of nursing….the goal of nursing is health: its promotion, maintenance, and/or restoration; the care of the sick or injured; and the care of the dying” (Khowaga, 2006). King 's model consists of three interacting systems: personal, interpersonal, and social. The three interacting relationships involve the individual, nurse-client interaction and nursing. Nurse-client interactions are thought to be individual perceptions which influence the process of goal attainment.
Nursing’s goal is to assist the individual and the communities achieve, preserve, and reclaim health. The theory emphasizes the importance of knowledge and information that the nurse and the client both bring to the relationship, working together to achieve goals. Imogene M. King’s conceptual framework is best described as a holistic view of the complexity in nursing and multiple health care systems.



References: Khowaga, K. (2006). Utilization of king’s interacting systems framework and theory of goal attainment with new multidisciplinary model: clinical pathway. Karachi, Pakistan: Aga Khan University Press. King, I.M. (1981). A theory of goal attainment: Systems, concepts, process. New York: Wiley. King, I.M. (1995). The theory of goal attainment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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