The Escape of Martin Bormann

Topics: Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, Rudolf Hess Pages: 7 (2032 words) Published: April 1, 2013
Martin Bormann was an outstanding Nazi serving as a Private Secretary to Adolf Hitler who had managed to gain considerable power within the Nazi Party. Nobody knew him outside of the Party elite since he had worked in the shadows of Hitler. Bormann became the Head of the Party Chancellery by 1940. He was imprisoned for murder in 1920s and didn’t posses any prominent skills but despite this fact, he had managed to rise through the German ranks and gain an enormous power in Hitler’s administration taking care of his personal finances, paperwork and eventually all information relating to his dictatorship. Despite Hitler describing him as his “most faithful Party comrade”,

Martin Bormann, son of a former Prussian regimental sergeant-major, was born on June 17th 1900 in Halberstadt, Central Germany. Brought up by his mother and step-father, a prominent bank director,

he began to form a strong view that German culture was superior to all others from an early age. At the age of nine his family moved to Weimar, the then capital of Germany and notorious for its public and violent anti-Semitism, an atmosphere that was to heavily influence Bormann's ideology. He attended the local secondary school for several years before dropping out prematurely to work on a farming estate. After serving briefly as a cannoneer in a field artillery regiment at the end of World War I, Bormann soon joined the rightist Rossbach Freikorps in Mecklenburg.

He married Gerda (a rabid Nazi and daughter of Supreme Party Judge, Walter Buch) in 1929 with whom he had ten children, the eldest christened Adolf, in honour of his godfather. However, in letters to his wife Bormann speaks often of his mistresses and seems almost proud of his numerous acts of adultery.

On February 17 1927, Bormann joined the Nazi Party as member number 60,508. His first role was as regional press officer for the NSDAP in Thuringia, and in this position controlled information released

to the media and organised some distribution of propaganda. He was promoted to district leader and business manager, and by November 1928 was appointed to the Supreme Command of the Sturmabteilung, or S.A. Bormann first became personally acquainted with Hitler at his own 1929 wedding to Gerda Buch. Because Gerda's father was a powerful figure in Nazi circles, Hitler served as a witness to the marriage. In April 1930, Bormann became leader of the Aid Fund of the Nazi Party, which provided financial assistance to families of those injured or killed while fighting for the Nazi cause. Through this position, Bormann was able to put hundreds of future Nazi officials into his debt and gain his first experiences in shifting Nazi assets, a function that would become instrumental to the party in later years.

In July 1933 Bormann received a major promotion to Reichsleiter (Chief of Staff) in the office of Deputy-Fuhrer Rudolf Hess, “Bormann was arrested for murder in 1923 and served a year in jail. As an accomplice of Rudolf Hess in the murder of Walther Kadow (his former school teacher in graded school), who had opposed the Nazi party”.(Manning) , and acted mainly as Hess' personal secretary. Bormann's duties were primarily administrative, encompassing promotions/demotions within the party as well as controlling the files of the most important personnel. It was during this period that Bormann began his silent and subtle rise to the centre of power apparatus, steadily acquiring knowledge of bureaucratic mechanism and gaining Hitler's personal trust. He once again became involved in the movement of Nazi assets, and administered the Adolf Hitler Endowment Fund of German industry, a cover for the shifting of large scale bribes from business entrepreneurs to the Fuhrer and top party functionaries. Apart from administering Hitler's personal finances, Bormann was involved in the buying and running of Nazi...

Bibliography: Bezymensky, L. Tracing Martin Bormann. University Press of the Pacific, 2001.
Bullock, Alan, 1952, Hitler: A Study in Tyranny, Great Britain, Cox and Wyman Ltd.
Burleigh, Michael, 2001, The Third Reich: A New History, Great Britain, Pan Macmillan.
Lebor, Adam, 1997, Hitler 's Secret Bankers, USA, Citadel. p29.
Manning, Paul, 1981,Martin Bormann: Nazi In Exile, Great Britain, Lyle Staurt.(The book I read)
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