The Endosulfan, an insecticide
SHAIK MOHAMMED ANSA ZAIBA
IX Class, Emmaus-Swiss Referral Hospital High School, Palamaner, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, Pin- 517408, email: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Ever increasing food demands due to population explosion and increased consumption of food made the extensive use of pesticides like Endosulfan, DDT, Lindane, and Carbufuran etc to increase crop yield in modern practices of agriculture. The extensive use of pesticides on one hand improved the agricultural productivity many folds, but on the other hand, they are posing a severe thereat to the ecology and environment with widespread pollution. Pesticide pollution from various sources such as discharges from pesticide industry, agricultural runoff, municipal wastes, and from other nonpoint sources and contamination of natural water bodies by various pesticides has been very well documented by various researchers. Pesticides applied in various modes and places take different pathways to reach natural water bodies such as seas, oceans, rivers, lakes, reservoirs, etc. and lead to their contamination. Technical Endosulfan C9H6Cl6O3S is a chlorinated cyclodiene insecticide and is a brown crystalline substance with α and β isomers in the ratio of 70:30. Endosulfan (ES) is a contact and stomach poison used to control insects like Colorado potato beetle, flea beetle, cabbageworm, peach tree borer, tarnished plant bug and also to control pests on fruit, vegetables, tea, tobacco, paddy and cotton. Residues of endosulfan and its intermediates were found in air, surface and ground water, soil, food, plants, animals and the human in India and other parts of the world. The persistence and distribution of endosulfan in soil, run-off water and underground water is observed in Thrivullur district of India, Haryana, India. The endosulfan concentration was found but significantly less in the finished water supplies in most of the treatment plants in...
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