The Endocrine System: Diseases and Age-Related Changes

Topics: Thyroid, Corticosteroid, Thyroid hormone Pages: 2 (611 words) Published: February 3, 2014
Unit 10. Assignment 2. The Endocrine System: Diseases and Age-Related Changes Cushing Syndrome
Cushing Syndrome is a condition that presents itself due to the endocrine system. The endocrine system is responsible for secretion of hormones. Cushing syndrome comes about when the body has excess levels of a hormone called cortisol in the body. Cortisol is very important. It plays a role in managing blood pressure and keeps the cardiovascular system functioning normally. Cortisol also aids the body in digesting fats and carbohydrates found in a person’s diet and converts those to energy that the body can use.

Cushing syndrome very rarely can be inherited. A person may inherit a high risk of getting tumors in their endocrine glands, which would affect cortisol levels of the body, thus resulting in Cushing Syndrome. This syndrome can also be developed by taking a high dose of corticosteroids for an extended period of time. These types of medications have the same effect on the body as a natural cortisol would.

Symptoms of Cushing Syndrome vary from one patient to another. The most tell-tale sign of this syndrome is known as a buffalo hump between the shoulders. Weight gain and fatty tissues form and grow over time. A person may have purple looking stretch marks and thinning skin that can bruise easily. Cuts will heal slowly and a person will see acne. Women may experience thicker or visible facial hair or an off-normal menstrual cycle. Men may experience decreased libido, infertility, and erectile dysfunction. Depression, fatigue, and muscle weakness are also another symptom.

When treating Cushing Syndrome, doctors will try to lower the high levels of cortisol in the body. They may reduce corticosteroid use or if your syndrome is caused by a tumor, then surgery may be necessary. If the surgeon cannot remove the entire tumor, radiation may be necessary. Medications are also another treatment option.

Cretinism can also be known as congenital...
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