The Electoral College

Topics: President of the United States, United States, Election Pages: 7 (2408 words) Published: May 22, 2012
Abolish the Electoral College

Abstract
    The power to vote is an important right for the people because it shows fairness and equality. The United States does not provide us with a direct election for President and Vice President, but they utilize the Electoral College to represent voters’ choice. Article 2, Section1 of the Constitution says specifically how the President of the United States should be elected. There have been four times in history that the Electoral College has gone against the nation’s popular vote. The Electoral College gives disportionate voting powers to the states. There are organization all around the United States that are trying to form a new method of electing the president, as well as organizations that still support the College. Every individual vote should count. We should establish a 28th amendment to eliminate the Electoral College.

Policy Identification
In the 12th Amendment of the Constitution it states that Electors are to meet in their respective state, and vote for the Vice President and President of the United States. Article two, section 1 of the Constitution gives the states power on how all their votes shall be distributed (Longly, 2010). The Electoral College consists of 538 members. The Electoral College decides on who their state will be voting for. The 12th Amendment lets each member of the Electoral have one vote for Vice President and President. After every member has cast a vote, all of them are sealed and delivered to the Senate. A candidate has to receive 270 of the 538 votes to win an election (Kurtz, 2000). The vote of each individual state is determined by the population of state. All sates are given elector as it has Representatives and senators combined. The Electoral College works the same in every state.  On the Monday, following the second Wednesday in September all Electorals meet in their state capital to cast their official votes. (Kurtz, 2000)   History/Background

When the United States was being formed into the country it is today. The founding fathers decided to hold a Constitutional Convention to come up with an idea to elect a President of United States. These Fathers did not want pure democracy because they felt that the country could not be run by just the peoples vote. So our country's republic was formed. But one issue still presented itself, which was how to elect a president, because they were afraid to have the people directly vote in fear of a person manipulating the public. Hamilton addressed this in the Federalist Papers.(Fischer,2000)  Another problem was there were only 13 colonies at the time and only a small portion of the population was literate and had transportation accessible to them. So James Wilson came up with The Electoral College where each state would have a set number of votes based upon the size of each individual states population. The Electoral College was written into the Constitution in 1787(NARA, 2009). News did not travel as quickly as it does today and our society has changed even, when the founding Fathers didn’t trust the common man to vote. Our Nation has come very far since then, having information at our fingertips (Martin, 2005). Even Thomas Jefferson questioned this voting system. He stated, “I have ever considered the Constitutions mode of election as the most dangerous blot…. And one which some unlucky chance will one day hit” (Kurtz 2000).           So it is time in our society that we as a people are the ones that have a vote in our President. Right now there are 74 percent of Americans feel like we should do away with the Electoral College (Walker, 2010).  Already Maryland has come up with an alternative to the Electoral College; this system is known as National Popular Vote. This new system was founded by a Stanford Professor (Stanford, 2009).  So already we have come a lot further since the Electoral College was created. Its purpose is no longer need since it was started because they feared...

References: Caldwell, C. (2009, October 20). Our Electors, Ourselves. The New York Times, 39-40.
Capitol Hill Press Releases
Edwards III, G. C. (2005). Why the Electoral College is Bad for America (pp. 94-151). Connecticut: Yale University Press.
England, T "Bypass the Electoral College? Careful what you wish for.." Christian Science Monitor. 2010, August 12
Fair Vote
Fischer, M, D. (2004, October 04). Electing the President. Scholastic Scope, (3), 20, Retrieved from
http://elibrary.bigchalk.com
Kurtz, J (2000, March 27). The Numbers Game. American Prospect, (10), 78, retrieved from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com
Longly, R
Martin, R. (2005). The Electoral College. The Electoral College. World Almanac Books. Retrieved from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com
NARA
Samples, J. (2000). In defense of the Electoral College. In Individual liberty, free markets, and peace. Retrieved November 17, 2010, from http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=4451
Stanford 2009
State Legislators. (2009, July 17). Polls Show more than 70% Support for a Nationwide Vote for President. In National Popular Vote. Retrieved November 19, 2010, from http://www.nationalpopularvote.com/pages/polls.php
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