The Effects of Adoption on Individuals

Topics: Adoption, Psychology, Developmental psychology Pages: 5 (1653 words) Published: August 26, 2013
Abstract
The effect on adopted individuals, are measured through several scientific studies with the help of parents and children. Children who are adopted are compared to other non-adopted peers, neglected children, and children in their current environment in terms of intellect and behavior. Compared to those who live with their non-disruptive birth parents, adopted or neglected or neglected lack in many aspects of language, intelligence, and behavior. Even though Adopted children have more disadvantages compared to the peers in their new environment, parents are able to give them the resources they need to grow cognitively.

My personal interest of this subject comes from my own experience of being an orphan around the age of four years old. Who knows where I would be if I my parents now, haven’t given me a second chance to improve the quality of my life. Based on my experience I would say that adopting children of other countries makes for a quality of life that children would not have otherwise. Of course it is inevitable there will be positive relation to developmental growth in children, as there are more resources to grow from, provided by the family who decides to take in a new family member. Research supports my belief, as much data reveals that children who are adopted or have been neglected benefit in many developmental aspects.

To better understand the impact of development in adoptive children, Spratt et al. (2012) conducted a study that seek the differences of children who have faced different forms of neglect by comparing peers who have a history with some form of neglect, internationally adopted children, and healthy children with healthy relationships with parents. Participants took series of age appropriate standardized tests for cognitive, language, and behavioral function. Cognitive tests included the Differential Abilities Scales for Children (DAC) assessing cognitive capabilities into a score for General Conceptual Ability (GCA), which then takes that data and correlates it to the general verbal ability, nonverbal ability, and general conceptual ability (GCA). Language testing including language subcategories would include the Test of Early Language (TELD) (testing two through six years and eleven months), Test of Language Development (TOLD) (tests children above the age of six years and eleven months), TOLD-primary (testing four to nine year old children), and TOLD-intermediate (and its subcategories for language proficiency in eight to eight-teen year old subjects). Finally participants would be tested for behavior and its subtests through the Child behavior checklist (CBCL), (testing the ages of one and a half to eight-teen). In this research, parents complete a Parenting Stress Index (PSI-SF) for correlation purposes.

Data concludes that non-adopted children with healthy parental relationships (control group) are better in the aspects of language, behavior and cognitive ability than both adopted and neglected children according to Spratt et al. (2012). The study also showed those who were neglected or adopted had more reports of depression and anxiety than the control group. Even though adoptive and neglected participants scored worse than the control group in all aspects of development, data proves that the time spent in a stable environment improved DAS GCA, and behavioral scores. Since neglected or adopted children, miss out on learning abilities, it is no surprise they scored lower in every aspect compared to the control group. Intervening a neglectful environment at an earlier age will increase behavioral, emotional, and cognitive ability promoting resilience (Spratt et al., 2012).

Children’s minds are plastic and once removed from a destructive environment, with the right tools, their intellect Quotient (IQ) and school performance wile thrive. Marinus, Ijzendoorn, & Juffer (2005), prove this in their research on three subject groups consisting of children who have...

References: Cederblad, M., Hook, B., Irhammar, M., & Mercke, A. (1999). Mental Health
In International Adoptees As Teenagers And Young Adults. An Epidemiological Study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40(8), 1239-1248.
IJzendoorn, M. H., & Juffer, F. (2005). Adoption Is A Successful
Natural Intervention Enhancing Adopted Children 's IQ And School Performance. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14(6), 326-330.
Spratt, E., Friedengerg, S., LaRosa, A., De Bellis, M., Macias, M., Summer, A., Hulsey,
T., Runyan, D., & Brady, K. (2012). The Effects of Early Neglect on Cognitive, Language, and Behavioral Functioning in Childhood. Psychology, 3(2), 175-189. Retrieved , from http://www.SciRP.org/journal/psych
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