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THE EFFECT OF THE 4PS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED PUPILS OF CRISTINA R. PRINCESA MEMORIAL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, LIGAO CITY DIVISION - A Collaborative Action Research

By helloiamprince Apr 13, 2015 951 Words
UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

ABSTRACT
THE EFFECT OF THE 4PS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF
SELECTED PUPILS OF CRISTINA R. PRINCESA MEMORIAL
ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, LIGAO CITY DIVISION
BERNAS,
Ailyn B., DAVID, Vivencio Jr. N., FOLLOSCO, Princess Mae
L., PRINCESA, Maria Analou L., TORALDE, Jerson V., University of Saint Anthony, Iriga City
Keywords: 4Ps, Academic Performance

This research work aimed to determine the effect that the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) had had on the academic performance of selected pupils whose households were included in the roster of beneficiaries. This study answered the following specific questions: 1) What is the effect of the 4Ps on the academic performance of selected students of Cristina R. Princesa Memorial Elementary School? 2) Is there a significant improvement on the academic performance of the pupils? 3) How does the 4Ps affect the pupils’ performance?

This study used simple correlation techniques to determine the relationship among the variables. The academic performance of the pupils measured in general average in S/Y 2012-2013 and S/Y 2014-2015 were compared, with each school year representing the pupils’ performance before and after they became 4Ps beneficiaries respectively. The

ii

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

nutritional status, measured in body-mass index (BMI), of the pupils was also appraised, along with the incidence of absenteeism because these factors were among the conditions in being a member of the 4Ps that were somehow relatively related to the academic performance of the pupils. The study utilized Pre-test Post-test design. The statistical treatments used in this study were frequency count, percentage technique, Averaging, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and T-Test to determine the significant difference of the two sets of academic performances.

The findings of this study revealed that 1) The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) had a positive effect on the academic performance of the pupils; 2) There was a significant relationship and a significant improvement on the academic performance of the pupils following the implementation of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps); 3) The 4Ps facilitated the decrease in the incidence of absenteeism and improvement in the nutritional status of the pupils, thereby improving their academic performance at school.

Based on the findings, the researches arrived on the conclusion that the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) had a positive effect on the academic performance of selected pupils of Cristina R. Princesa iii

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

Memorial Elementary School. Coupled with the improvement on the pupils’ nutritional status and decrease in the incidence of absenteeism as facilitated by the 4Ps, the academic performance of the pupils had improved.

The following recommendations were drawn Based on these
results: 1)

There should be a thorough appraisal of the effect of the

Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) on the academic performance of students in every school; 2)

The parents and the students should be

interviewed on their personal view regarding the effect of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) on the academic performance; 3) The compliance rate of the 4Ps recipients should be studied, both in terms of health and education conditions.

iv

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE ............................................................................................... i ABSTRACT .................................................................................................ii TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................. v LIST OF TABLES .................................................................................... viii LIST OF FIGURES ....................................................................................ix CHAPTERS

1

THE PROBLEM....................................................................1 Introduction................................................................... 1 Statement of the Problem ............................................. 3 Objective of the Study .................................................. 4 Assumptions ................................................................. 4 Null Hypothesis ............................................................ 4 Alternative Hypothesis .................................................. 4 Scope and Limitation .................................................... 5 Definition of Terms ....................................................... 5

2

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ............................................ 8

v

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

Subjects ....................................................................... 8 Instruments................................................................... 8 Research Design .......................................................... 8 Procedure ..................................................................... 9 Data Analysis and Statistical Treatment ..................... 10 3

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND
INTERPRETATION OF DATA ........................................... 12 Profile of the Pupils .................................................... 12 Academic Grades/Performance of Pupils ................... 12 Nutritional Status of the Pupils ................................... 16 Absences of the Pupils ............................................... 17 The Effect of the 4Ps in the

Academic Performance of
Selected Pupils of CRPMES ...................................... 19

4

FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS
AND RECOMMENDATIONS.............................................. 26 Findings ...................................................................... 26 Conclusions ................................................................ 29 vi

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

Recommendations ..................................................... 29 REFERENCES.............................................................................. 30 APPENDICES
A. Summary of Values ....................................................... 31 B. Pearson r. Computation ................................................ 32 C. T – Test Computation.................................................... 33 D. Guidelines on the Implementation

of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino
Program (4Ps)............................................................... 34

vii

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE

PAGE

1

Respondents by Sex ................................................................. 12

2

Academic Grades of the Pupils for S/Y 2012-2013 ................... 13

3

Academic Grades of the Pupils for S/Y 2014-2015 ................... 14

4

Improvements of Pupils’ Academic Grades .............................. 15

5

Nutritional Status of the Pupils .................................................. 16

6

Nutritional Status Distribution Table .......................................... 17

7

Percentage Difference in the
Number of Pupil Absences ........................................................ 18

8

Distribution and Tabular Interpretation
of Student Absences ................................................................. 19

9

Summary of Computed Mean
Values and Mean Differences of Student Academic
Grades for the S/Y 2012-2013 and S/Y 2014-2015 .................. 24

10

Summary of Computed Values ................................................. 25

viii

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE
1

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