the effect of psychological and social factors in sexual relation

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Systematic Review

Zahra Motaghi MSc1
Seyyedeh Zahra Masoumi MSc6

2

, Afsaneh Keramat PhD3, Mohammad Shariati MD4, Masud Yunesian MD PhD5,

Abstract
Introduction: About 44 million induced abortions take place worldwide annually, of which 50% are unsafe. The results of studies investi in Iran.
Methods: National and international electronic databases, as well as conference databases until July 2012 were searched. Reference

of abortions per 1000 women aged 15–44 years in a year) or the ratio (the number of abortions per 100 live births in a year). The secondary outcome of interest was the prevalence of unintended pregnancies (the number of mistimed, unplanned, or unwanted pregnancies per total pregnancies). Data were analyzed using random effect models.
Results:
analysis. The induced abortion rate and ratio were estimated as 8.9 per 1000 women aged 15–44 years (95% CI: 5.46, 12.33) and 5.34 per 100 live births (95% CI: 3.61, 7.07), respectively. The prevalence of unintended pregnancy was estimated as 27.94 per 100 pregnant women (95% CI: 23.46, 32.42).
Conclusion:
the other developing countries in Asia. However, additional sources of data on abortion other than medical records and survey studies are needed to estimate the true rate of unsafe abortion in Iran.
Keywords:
Cite the article as: Motaghi Z, Poorolajal J, Keramat A, Shariati M, Yunesian M, Masoumi SZ. Induced Abortion Rate in Iran: A Meta-analysis. Arch Iran Med.
2013; 16(10): 594 – 598.

safe abortion is associated with a number of serious morbidities including uterine perforation, genital tract injuries, vesicovaginal

Introduction

I

nduced abortion is the intentional termination of a pregnancy by medical or surgical means before the fetus can be viable.1

provider lacking adequate skill, or through hazardous techniques, or outside the health facilities or legally recognized places.2 World
Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that about 44 million
induced



References: The Lancet. 2012; 379: 625 – 632. Persian]. J Qom Univ Med Sci. 2010; 4: 32 – 36. Erfani A. Induced abortion in Tehran, Iran: estimated rates and correlates. Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2011; 37: 134 – 142. Kasmaei P, Atrkar Roshan Z. Prevalence and correlated factors with unintended pregnancies [in Persian]. J Med Sci Gilan. 2004; 12: 61 – 66. Rakhshani F, Ansari Moghaddam AR, Tehrani H. Prevalence of unwanted pregnancy and associated factors in Zahedan, 1999 [in Persian]. Res Med Sci. 2004; 8: 40 – 43. PLoS Med. 2007; 4: e297. women referring to healthcare centers of Ardabil, 2002 [in Persian]. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci city - 2008 [in Persian]. J Univ Med Sci Yazd. 2009; 9: 23 – 36.

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