THE DOME OF THE ROCK
The dome of the rock, Qubbat Al-Sakhra, known as the oldest Islamic Monument and the second holy shrines of Muslims, it represents the Islamic civilization and it is the first Muslim masterpiece. Building the dome of the rock took approximately 3 years between 688-691 A.C by an order from (caliph Abd al-Malik Bin Marwan), half a century after Prophet Mohammed (Piece and blessings be upon him) Died. It is located in the area of (Al Haram Al Sharef or temple mount) in Jerusalem (Israel) and it can be seen from all over Jerusalem. The location of dome of the rock is where the Islamic miracle of the night journey (Israa and miraj) took a place and it was built to perpetuate this Islamic miracle, as well as compete the churches that time. The dome of the rock is a big Islamic architecture with a lot of marvels exterior designs, paintings, Islamic patterns and mosaic with a golden-dome at the top of the building that takes a shape of semicircle made out of shinny gold then copper and aluminum were replaced by the gold, but now the aluminum is covered by gold leaf which still shows the golden-look and the golden leaf was given as a gift from (king Hussein) of Jordan. The dome of the rock diameter is 20.2m while its height 20.48m. It is consisted of 16 piers and columns. The outer wall is 67 feet tall, as well as the diameter of the dome. Same principles of architecture were used in byzantine churches of Syria, Palestine and Italy. Shlomo Dov Goitein, The interior designer of the dome of the rock who was in charge to create amazing interior designs, he was using a lot of techniques such as mosaic, faience and marble and more were added many years after. The exterior mosaic of the building started to pale and the outer color of the building started to vanish and loses the golden-look and the beautiful multi-colored Turkish tiles that tells the story of the night journey began to crash too, so the dame of the rock went throw a period of general...
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