University of Nottingham Ningbo China
Academic Year 2013/14 Spring Semester
AS3003 Dissertation: Final Presentation
The diplomatic relationship between the United States and Russia since the 21th century: through the 2013 affair of Snowden Disclosure.
Student ID: 6507702
Word Count: 10991
The research focuses on the development of the diplomatic relationship between the United States and Russia since the 21st century, through the 2013 affair of Snowden Disclosure. It attempts to find out the reasons why this relations being not steady enough. More specifically, this research answers the questions, for instance, why the two sides intended to cooperate after September 11, why this cooperation did not maintained longtime even the bilateral relationship reached a nadir in 2008 Russo-Georgian War, why Obama’s reset was not effective in his second term of office, and why Putin administration granted Snowden’s temporary asylum in Russia. Case study is used as the main method to prove my statements. And eventually, this research summarizes the difficulties that the two states had experienced in previous 13 years.
In the summer of 2013, Edward Snowden’s leaking of the PRISM global surveillance program and releasing thousands of classified documents has raised attention around the world. With the development of this affair, then Snowden escaped to Russia and applyed for temporary asylum in Russia. After more than a month’s waiting, Russia government finally granted it, while during which U.S. government had requested Russia to extradite Snowden. Therefore, the diplomatic relationship between the U.S. and Russia seemed to be in dilemma once again.
The United States and Russia (the Soviet Union), as once two superpowers in the world, the diplomatic relations between these two countries have always not developed so smoothly. The historical reason was exactly the Cold War. And when the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, this strained relations that had reflected in the Cold War between the two seemed to come to an end. However, the reality was not such. From then on, Russia has struggled for strengthening its position of a world power just as the Soviet Union era all along. Especially since entered 21st century, Russia had gradually recovered from the dissolution, with China’s rapid development of comprehensive national power, while U.S. international prestige and international influence was relatively declining at the meantime that, the world pattern has developed towards a multipolar world, that is, the U.S. is no longer as a superpower alone on the world stage. For the U.S., though Russia is not in its central interests as the Soviet Union, the developments in Russia is still one of the U.S. concerns. Firstly, Russia is still a nuclear superpower, which has an important effect on security issue, such as arms control, anti-terrorism; secondly, its developments will affect the future of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the U.S.’s international position; thirdly, it has more natural resources than the U.S., for example, oil and natural gas, from which Russia makes a profit; fourthly, Russia’s future is considerable because it has a large well-educated labour force, along with scientific establishment; fifthly, Russia is a big potential market for the U.S. in the areas, for instance, food and food processing, technology of oil and gas extraction, computers, communications, which the U.S. has highly competitiveness (Goldman, 2006: 3).
The topic of the diplomatic relationship between the U.S. and Russia has always been a focus for scholars of related areas around the world. No matter the period during the Cold War, around the disintegration of the Soviet Union, after the integration and before Putin’s first term of...
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