The Difference between high and low velocity pitchers

Topics: Baseball, Pitcher, Fastball Pages: 7 (2252 words) Published: January 22, 2014
The difference’s between high and low velocity pitchers

In my paper I plan to explain the difference between a high velocity pitcher and a low velocity pitcher. Confidence, resiliency, determination, leadership, integrity, composure and location. All of these words are the best qualities of a pitcher. Pitchers are generals on the bump, commanders of the field (All terms for a pitcher on the mound). The team is reflected by their pitcher. There are 2 types of pitchers; a high velocity pitcher, and a low velocity pitcher. Most pitchers you see in the Major league, besides knuckleballers like Wakefield and Dickey, are high velocity pitchers. Anyone can become a high velocity pitcher, there’s just a lot of work that goes into it. As Nolan Ryan once said “Pitching in the big leagues is a dream. Preparing to pitch in the big leagues is a nightmare.” Mechanics are the key component to the success of a high velocity pitcher.

Mechanics of High Velocity Pitchers
There are six things high velocity pitchers have in common:
1. Early weight shift – get the hip going out first.
2. Do not rotate early over the back leg.
3. Have explosive leg drive.
4. Complete leg drive before landing.
5. Land with the trunk and the throwing arm and shoulder still back so the arm gets involved late. 6. Bracing action of the hip, knee and ankle upon landing to speed up the trunk and the arm.

It is the speed of rotation of the trunk that whips the pitcher’s arm through. The trunk includes the hips…Trunk rotation speed is all about the forward momentum of the body going from the back leg to the front leg and then finally the bracing action of the front leg and hip. Only pitching mechanics where forces are developed and transferred to the arm very late can produce more velocity with less risk of arm injury. The body, not the arm, produces velocity. This is why 45% of Little League pitchers and 60% of high school pitchers pitch with pain. They simply have been taught to use their arm when the body should be producing velocity.

Rotation is a huge part of high velocity pitchers. Most of the ways to measure the pitcher is in angular velocity through the planes of the body. This means the rate of change of angular position of a rotating body through the coronal, transverse and sagittal planes. This study I found performed at the Institute of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan, called, Kinematic Comparisons Of Different Pitch Velocity Groups In, Baseball Using Motion Model Method, proves that High Velocity Pitchers rotate their hips earlier at front foot strike which allow them to increase momentum up the kinetic chain. Low Velocity Pitchers do not show an increase in momentum up the kinetic chain because of the late hip rotation.

Top 5 Pitching Velocity Mechanics
1. Separation Timing - Separation-Timing is the measurement of the moment of peak hip rotation to peak shoulder rotation. The moment from front foot strike to pitch release is defined as the Throwing Phase in the 3X Pitching Mechanics. In the measurement of Separation-Timing this component exists in the beginning of the Throwing Phase, which is segmented into percentages. The entire phase is equal to 100%. Studies state that the high velocity pitcher peaks hip rotation at 27-35% of this phase. They then peak shoulder rotation at 47-60% of this phase (1,2). This produces a margin of Separation-Timing around 20-25%. Low velocity pitchers on average have a margin of Separation-Timing around 17%. Studies show that some of the low velocity pitchers were just peaking hip rotation speeds 48% into the Throwing Phase (2) 2. Triple Extension (3X) – This is the foundation of the revolutionary approach to increase pitching velocity called, 3X Pitching. This component coupled with hip to shoulder separation is the secret to high velocity pitching. 3X is the extension...
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