The Diary of the Human Genome

Topics: DNA, Genetics / Pages: 7 (2405 words) / Published: May 18th, 2014
The Diary of the Human Genome and Its Breakthrough

What is our human genome? Our human genome is what makes us who we are. Many people might find its role in our human body as a miniscule one, but it is rather one of a great role consisting of all the genetic information in a single human being. What makes the human genome unique and amazing is its function and structure. The human genome also has its complications, these are genetic mutations creating genetic disorders that affect millions. With this said, technology makes it possible to overcome these challenges through tests and searches the genome and its possibilities further, which could possibly lead to a future of DNA profiling. What makes it such a fascinating study today to evolve into the Human Genome Project and ENCODE Project, is that it enables many to study its existence and behavior to determine what it will evolve into our later future. As technology advances, it enables us to study the human genome at a higher level than ever before. Breakthroughs have been made as of 2013 that enable scientists to revolutionize what many thought was never possible.
The human genome starts with our very basic DNA. The DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a double helix structure which is delicately wrapped around balls of proteins called histones forming x-shaped bundles that duplicate, called chromosomes. This DNA is packed in about forty-six chromosome bundles, and instructs cells how to work and what to do, such as responding to different things, starting from the food you eat to the germs and chemicals you come in contact with. The DNA’s ladder consists of a double helix staircase-like structure with rails of sugar and phosphate groups and stairs made up of four basic chemical building blocks. These are ring-like structures are known as nucleotide bases, specifically named adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine, which can also be abbreviated as A, G, C, and T. A always pairs with T and



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