Assignment Cover Sheet
Please complete this form for EACH assignment and attach before submitting according to the instructions given by your unit co-ordinator or tutor.
Tutor’s name: Mr Moses Chew
Unit Code: PSY141
Assignment No. or title: 4b
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Except where I have indicated, the work I am submitting in this assignment is my own work and has not been submitted in another unit. Sherlyn
4th Oct 2012
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PSY141 – Introduction to Psychological Science
Assignment 4b – The development of false memories: Investigating the existence of false memories in the human mind Mr Moses Chew
2th Nov 2012 – 11.00 Pm
False memories are defined as remembering details of a particular event but have never occurred to anyone. To find out and proof that false memories exist, this essay have consolidated two study research methodologies which will be explained. The three major terms which will be discussed over here will be activation/monitoring theory, fuzzy-trace theory and source monitoring framework which explained why false memories occurred. On top of that, research methodologies have found out that false memories can occur to anybody from children to adults and adults with Alzheimer’s disease and also, they have found out that as one ages, the tendency to have false recalls increased with the age trend. It will be argued that false memories exist and revealing the truth behind false memories. (125 words)
The development of false memories: Investigating the existence of false memories in the human mind The development of false memories: Investigating the existence of false memories in the human mind The importance of finding the truth if false memories exist is important began when problems arise after patients have consulted therapies. It was then they found new formed childhood sexual abuse memories and went to court to sue their relatives when in fact, those memories did not exist nor remembered (Loftus, 1996). Reyna and Lloyd (1997) stated that false memories are remembering events and experiments which are different and has never occurred but was induced and convinced by another party. Roediger and McDermott (2000) also stated that false memories occurred depending on how one remembers and what are the conditions intervened when retrieving memory. False memories can occur basically for everyone from children to adults (Roediger, Watson, McDermott & Gallo, 2001; Brainerd & Reyna, 2002 & Howe, Gagnon & Thouas, 2008). Terms used to explain reasons for false memories research metholodologies include activation/monitoring theory, fuzzy-trace Theory (FTT) and source monitoring framework. (Reyna & Lloyd, 1997; Roediger, Watson, McDermott et al., 2001). Although, Pezdek and Lam argues that theories and methods used in research is wrong, evidence has proven that scientists are using correct methodologies (Wade, K. A., Sharman, S. J., Garry, M., Memon, A., Mazzoni, G., Merckelbach, H., & Loftus., E. F., 2007). Major points on the types of research methodologies used and terms used to describe false memories to prove that they exist will be discussed. The first research methodologies used by Loftus (1996), Loftus and...
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