The development of false memories: Investigating the existence of false memories in the human mind

Topics: Psychology, Argumentative, Memory Pages: 9 (2634 words) Published: November 6, 2013
Assignment Cover Sheet
Please complete this form for EACH assignment and attach before submitting according to the instructions given by your unit co-ordinator or tutor.

Tutor’s name: Mr Moses ChewUnit Code: PSY141
Assignment No. or title: 4b
…………………………………………………………………………… Your assignment should meet the following requirements. Please confirm this (by ticking the boxes) before submitting your assignment.
Assignment is printed on one side only
Wide margin (4 cm) provided on left-hand side of page
Double spaced
Declaration below is completed

All forms of plagiarism, cheating and unauthorised collusion are regarded seriously by the University and could result in penalties including failure in the unit and possible exclusion from the University. If you are in doubt, please contact the unit co-ordinator or visit

Except where I have indicated, the work I am submitting in this assignment is my own work and has not been submitted in another unit. Sherlyn 4th Oct 2012

Please note: it is important that you have made a copy of this assignment

PSY141 – Introduction to Psychological Science
Assignment 4b – The development of false memories: Investigating the existence of false memories in the human mind Mr Moses Chew
2th Nov 2012 – 11.00 Pm

False memories are defined as remembering details of a particular event but have never occurred to anyone. To find out and proof that false memories exist, this essay have consolidated two study research methodologies which will be explained. The three major terms which will be discussed over here will be activation/monitoring theory, fuzzy-trace theory and source monitoring framework which explained why false memories occurred. On top of that, research methodologies have found out that false memories can occur to anybody from children to adults and adults with Alzheimer’s disease and also, they have found out that as one ages, the tendency to have false recalls increased with the age trend. It will be argued that false memories exist and revealing the truth behind false memories. (125 words)

The development of false memories: Investigating the existence of false memories in the human mind  The development of false memories: Investigating the existence of false memories in the human mind The importance of finding the truth if false memories exist is important began when problems arise after patients have consulted therapies. It was then they found new formed childhood sexual abuse memories and went to court to sue their relatives when in fact, those memories did not exist nor remembered (Loftus, 1996). Reyna and Lloyd (1997) stated that false memories are remembering events and experiments which are different and has never occurred but was induced and convinced by another party. Roediger and McDermott (2000) also stated that false memories occurred depending on how one remembers and what are the conditions intervened when retrieving memory. False memories can occur basically for everyone from children to adults (Roediger, Watson, McDermott & Gallo, 2001; Brainerd & Reyna, 2002 & Howe, Gagnon & Thouas, 2008). Terms used to explain reasons for false memories research metholodologies include activation/monitoring theory, fuzzy-trace Theory (FTT) and source monitoring framework. (Reyna & Lloyd, 1997; Roediger, Watson, McDermott et al., 2001). Although, Pezdek and Lam argues that theories and methods used in research is wrong, evidence has proven that scientists are using correct methodologies (Wade, K. A., Sharman, S. J., Garry, M., Memon, A., Mazzoni, G., Merckelbach, H., & Loftus., E. F., 2007). Major points on the types of research methodologies used and terms used to describe false memories to prove that they exist will be discussed. The first research methodologies used by Loftus (1996), Loftus and...

References: Brainerd, C. J., & Reyna, V. F. (1998). Fuzzy-trace theory and children’s false
Brainerd, C. J., & Reyna, V. F. (2002). Fuzzy-trace theory and false memory.
Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11(5), 164-169
Brainerd, C. J., Reyna, V. F., Forrest, T. J., & Karibian, D. (2006). Development of
the false-memory illusion
Bredart, S. (2000). When false memories do not occur: Not thinking of the lure or
remembering that it was not heard? Memory, 8(2), 123-128
Gallo, D. A., Roberts, M. J., & Seamon, J. G. (1997). Remembering words not
presented in lists: Can we avoid creating false memories? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 4(2), 271-276
Howe, M. L., Gagnon, N., & Thouas, L. (2008). Development of false memories in
bilingual children and adults
Hyman, I. E., Husband, T. H., & Billings, F. J. (1995). False memories of childhood
Loftus, E. F. (1996). Memory distortion and false memory creation. Bull Am Acad
Psychiatry Law, 24(3), 281-295
Loftus, E. F., & Pickrell, J. E. (1995). The formation of false memories.
Psychiatric Annals, 25, 720-725
McDermott, K. B., & Watson, J. M. (2001). The rise and fall of false recall: The
impact of presentation duration
Reyna, V. F. & Lloyd F. (1997). Theories of false memory in children and adults.
Learning and Individual Differences, 9(2), 95-123
Roediger H. L., & McDermott K. B. (1995). Creating false memories: Remembering
words nor presented in lists
Roediger, H. L., & McDermott K. B. (2000). Tricks of memory. Current directions
in psychology science, 9(4), 123-127
Roediger, H. L., Watson J. M., McDermott K. B. & Gallo, D. A. (2001). Factors that
determine false recall: A multiple regression analysis
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • False Memory Essay
  • False Memories Essay
  • False Memories Essay
  • Cognitive Psychology False Memory Essay
  • False memory Essay
  • False Memories Essay
  • False Memory Research Paper
  • False Memory Final Draft Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free