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The Development and Change of Women's Social Status Reflected by Female Rulers

By Lizcat608 Apr 27, 2014 5762 Words
三亚学院

本科生毕业论文

由女性掌权者看女性地位的变化发展

学 院: 外国语学院
专 业(方 向): 英语(旅业商务)
年 级、班 级: 1004
学 生 学 号: 1010311196
学 生 姓 名: 李铮
指 导 老 师: 唐蔚明

2014 年 5 月 1 日

The Development and Change of Women’s Social Status as Seen From Female Rulers

Thesis Submitted in Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts

Li Zheng
No. 1010311196
English Department
School of Foreign Languages
Sanya University
May 2014

独创性申明及授权书

本人所呈交的毕业论文是我个人在指导教师指导下进行的研究工作及取得的成果。除特别加以标注的地方外,论文中不包含其他人的研究成果。本论文如有剽窃他人研究成果及相关资料等不实之处,由本人承担一切相关责任。 本人的毕业论文中所有研究成果的知识产权属三亚学院所有。本人保证:发表或使用与本论文相关的成果时署名单位仍然为三亚学院,无论何时何地,未经学校许可,决不转移或扩散与之相关的任何技术或成果。学校有权保留本人所提交论文的原件或复印件,允许论文被查阅或借阅;学校可以公开本论文的全部或部分内容,可以采用影印、缩印或其他手段复制保存本论文。 加密学位论文解密之前后,以上申明同样适用。

论文作者签名:
年 月 日
Contents

Acknowledgments I
Abstract (in Chinese) II
Abstract (in English) III
Chapter I. Introduction1
A. Background 1
B. Thesis statement2
C. Organization of the thesis2
Chapter II. Literature review 3
A. Introduction3
B. Literature review3
C. Summary5
Chapter III. Feminism 6
A. Definition of feminism 6
B. The background of feminism 7
C. Realistic significance of feminism 9
Chapter IV. The change of women’s status 10
A. Change and development of women’s statue 10
B. Reason of the change and development of women ‘status 12 C. Characteristics of women’s status change 13
Chapter V. Analysis on women rulers in history and modern time from home and abroad 15 A. The non-selective hereditary women rulers 15
1. Queen Zhao 15
2. Queen ElizabethⅠ 17
B. Selective campaign women rulers 18
1. Margaret Thatcher 18
2. Park Geun-hye 18
3. Condoleezza Rice 19
Chapter Ⅵ. Conclusion 20 A. Overview 20
B. Concluding remarks 20
Works Cited 22

Acknowledgments

First and foremost, I would like to avail myself of the opportunity to express my gratitude to Professor Tang Weiming, my tutor, who has taken her precious time off from her tight schedule, reading my thesis carefully and offering me constant encouragement, valuable suggestions and enlightening instructions, which contributed to the completion of my thesis. I would also like to acknowledge my indebtedness to all the instructors who have contributed their time, thoughts, skills and encouragement to this thesis. I am also grateful to all the classmates and friends who have given me generous support and helpful advice over the past few years. Finally, I wish to devote this thesis to my beloved family, who have given me life and love, and have been supporting me for 22 years.

摘要

在诸多的人类社会文化中,女性一直是受轻视的群体,大部分的权利都集中在男性身上。无论从延续两千年封建社会的中国古代还是在宗教影响政治的西方皇室到现代普通阶级,都有极具才华的女性站在社会的前沿,发出属于女性的呼喊。特别是在现代社会,她们通过不懈的努力,最终获得自己的政治立场以及政治地位。本论文从女性主义和妇女的社会地位历史变化发展的角度,从没有选择权的女性世袭制掌权(被动掌权)到当代社会女性可以通过竞选掌权这一变化发展,对女性的能力进行肯定,呼吁人们重视女性权益问题。本文旨在激励女性肯定自己的能力,鼓励女性通过自己的不懈努力来获取成功,肯定自身价值,要求男性辅助女性摆脱蒙昧和压制,走向等位同格,保障女性权益。

关键词:女性主义;女性掌权者;地位;变化;发展

Abstract

In many cultures of human society, women tend to be the group despised by others. No matter from the last two thousand years of feudal society in ancient China or in the west where political and religious power greatly influenced, no matter modern royal family or ordinary class, talented women are able to stand in the forefront of society, cry out their voice. Especially in modern society, through unremitting efforts, they finally get their political voice and political status. From the perspective of feminist history, this paper describes the change of women’s social status, from the age of hereditary rule in which women have no rights, to modern times where women who participate in the campaign and be in power. The purpose of this paper is to encourage women to have trust in their own abilities, encourage women to obtain success through their unremitting efforts, to affirm their own value, as well as require men to assist women to get rid of ignorance and repression, to reach true equality, to safeguard the rights and interests of women.

Key words: feminism; women rulers; status; change; development Chapter I. Introduction
A. Background
In many cultures of human society, women tend to be the group despised by others. Most power was concentrated in the male. In certain cultures, women have no identity, status and rights. The matriarchal society before Three Emperors and Five Sovereigns is the first clan society. At that time, women were the master of society. Giving birth to and raising children, hunting, or doing farm work was women's work. Women possessed very high authority; their advices were decrees for men to follow. Since the transition from a matriarchal society to the patriarchal society, the women's social status have been in a subordinate position. For thousands of years, no matter what society it is, the most important function for women was just having children. The thought of men being more important than women existed in the vast majority of civilization system by varying degrees. Besides, this kind of thought became more prominent in the long history of civilization. It is particularly reflected throughout the Chinese feudal society of Confucian civilization. Although the term “feminism” has a history linked with women's activism from the late 19th century to the present, it is useful to distinguish feminist ideas or benefit from feminist political movements, for even in periods where there has been no significant political activism around women's subordination, individuals have been concerned with and writing about justice for women. B. Thesis statement

The purpose of this thesis is to encourage women to have trust in their own abilities, encourage women to obtain success through their unremitting efforts, to affirm their own value, as well as require men to assist women to get rid of ignorance and repression, to reach true equality, to safeguard the rights and interests of women. C. Organization of the thesis

Interdiction: this part provides an overview of the historical and contemporary women’s social status, thesis statement, organization and structure. The main body: this part is divided into three parts. The first part is literature review. The second part makes a concise introduction to the concept of feminism, background and the present situation of the development of feminism, and an analysis of the change of women’s social status and the characteristics of the change from the perspective of feminism. The third part analyzes several women rulers in history and modern times. Conclusion: this part summarizes the subject of the thesis. It calls on women to assure their ability, enjoy their rights and interests, and through the understanding of themselves, make continuous efforts to realize their real value, so as to improve their status and really play a role in all fields. Chapter Ⅱ. Literature review

A. Introduction
The term “feminism” can be used to in different situations and its meanings are often contested by writers. Some of thewriters may use the term “feminism” to refer to the specific political movement in the history of the United States and theEurope. Still other writers may use it to refer to the fact that there are injustice and prejudice against women. By now, there is still no consensus on what “feminism” really is. Feminism can also be regarded as a set of ideas and a series of polictical movements. In the mid-1800s, the term “feminism” was used to refer to “the qualities of females,” and it was not until after the First International Women's Conference in Paris in 1892 that the term, following the French term féministe, was used regularly in English for a belief in and advocacy of equal rights for women based on the idea of the equality of the sexes. ( Spelman, Elizabeth 2012, 13)

B. Literature review
Since ancient China, women's social status has experienced the processes of evolution from high to low, again from low to high. Confucius, as early as two thousand years ago, had placed Chinese women to the subordinate status by being obedient to the father, the husband and the son. The standard of “the three obediences and the four virtues” was bounded to a women's long-term life and social status. Not until the twentieth century, women’s subordinate position in China started to improve. In order to raise their status, Chinese women strived for more rights and carried out a series of struggle. Though they paid a heavy price, their social status had been greatly ascending (Wendell 109). Although the term “feminism” in English is rooted in the mobilization for women’s suffrage in Europe and the US during the late 19th and early 20th century, efforts to obtain justice for women did not begin or end with this period of activism. So some have found it useful to think of the women's movement in the US as occurring in “waves” (Jaggar 202). On the wave model, the struggle to achieve basic political rights during the period from the mid-19th century until the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920 counts as the “First Wave” feminism. (Sharon 207) Feminism waned between the two world wars, to be “revived” in the late 1960's and early 1970's as the “Second Wave” feminism. In this second wave, feminists pushed beyond the early quest for political rights to fight for greater equality across the board, e.g., in education, at workplace, and at home. (Craske 108) More recent transformations of feminism have resulted in the “Third Wave.” Third Wave feminists often critique Second Wave feminism for its lack of attention to the differences among women due to race, ethnicity, class, nationality, religion, and emphasize “identity” as a site of gender struggle (Gatilin 232). Even considering only relatively recent efforts to resist male domination in Europe and the US, the emphasis on the “First” and “Second” Wave feminism ignores the ongoing resistance to male domination between the 1920's and 1960's and the resistance outside mainstream politics, particularly by women of color and working class women . (Talpade, Russo and Torres, 304) During the thousands of years of feudal society either in ancient China or in the west where political and religious power greatly influenced no matter modern royal family or ordinary class, talented women were able to stand in the forefront of society, cry out their voice. In modern times, through unremitting efforts, they finally achieved their political voice and political status. C. Summary

With the help of the education and feminism, women’s rights have been largely protected. In the preface to the UN charter, basic human rights, equality between men and women are considered natural. However, some feminist scholars object to identifying feminism with these particular moments of political activism, on the grounds that doing so eclipses the fact that there has been resistance to male domination that should be considered “feminist” throughout history and across cultures: i.e., feminism is not confined to a few (White) women in the West over the past century or so. This paper describes the change of women’s social status, from the history of feminism and women’s social status change, from the hereditary rule in which women have no rights, to modern women who can participate in the campaign and be in power. Chapter Ⅲ. Feminism

A. Definition of feminism
Feminism is both an intellectual commitment and a political movement that seeks justice for women and the end of sexism in all forms (Wang 128). However, there are many different kinds of feminism. Feminists disagree about what sexism consists in, and what exactly ought to be done about it; they disagree about what it means to be a woman or a man and what social and political implications gender has or should have. There are many important topics for feminist theory, which includes the body, class and work, disability, the family, globalization, human rights, popular culture, race and racism, reproduction, science, the self, sex work, human trafficking, and sexuality. ( Spelman, Elizabeth 2012, 16 ) Feminism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In the meantime, feminism was enjoying its rise. Postmodern feminism sprang up accompanied with the decline of modern feminism. Modern feminism was the creature of the Age of Enlightenment. Even though it opened the gate of liberating women, it still did not bring the real emancipation for women after gaining the equality of women’s rights. Postmodern feminism has three typical characteristics. First, it stressed women’s gender difference and distinguished the literary comprehension of women’s images. Second, it stressed the performance of the differences of gender symbol and advocated to symbolize feminism. Third, it stated that the foundation of women’s gaining the equal social and political rights should be the women’s social differentiation. B. The background of feminism

Feminism brings many things to philosophy including not only a variety of particular moral and political claims, but ways of asking and answering questions, constructive and critical dialogue with mainstream philosophical views and methods, and new topics of inquiry. Feminist philosophers work within all the major traditions of philosophical scholarship including analytic philosophy, American Pragmatist philosophy, and Continental philosophy. ( Spelman,2012,14) Although there are many different and sometimes conflicting approaches to feminist philosophy, it is instructive to begin by asking what, if anything, feminists as a group are committed to. Considering some of the controversies over what feminism is provides a springboard for seeing how feminist commitments generate a host of philosophical topics, especially as those commitments confront the world as we know it. ( Darlene Juschka, 2012,23) Feminism is highly related with women’s lib. There are basically three stages of women’s lib in the history. The theme of the first stage of women’s lib is “gender equality” which happened in the late 1890s. The most important goal of this stage was to gain the equivalence between household labor and social labor. (Bordo, 287) The theme of the second stage of women’s lib is to gain the equal rights of men and women, which happened from 1960s to 1970s. The most important goal of this stage was to gain equal rights for women to avoid being discriminated or even abused.( Jessica. 186) The theme of the third stage of women’s lib is to make sure women have the same social rights and social status as men. (Joan. 256) The feminism theory could be divided into two categories. The first category is microscopic theory of feminism. There are various branches of macroscopic theory of feminism such like exchange theory, role theory, symbolic interaction theory and new Freud's theory. The second category is macroscopic theory of feminism which stated that women should be considered as just a family member of male patriarchal family and the total interests of family members were no longer considered consistent. (Constance, 387) C. Realistic significance of feminism

Contemporary feminism is made up of a number of different philosophical strands. These movements sometimes disagree about current issues and how to confront them. One side of the spectrum includes a number of radical feminists, such as Mary Daly, who argue that society would benefit if there were dramatically fewer men. On the other hand, figures such as Christina Hoff Sommers and Camille Paglia identify themselves as feminist but accuse the movement of anti-male prejudice. Some feminists, like Katha Pollitt (see her book Reasonable Creatures) or Nadine Strossen, consider feminism to hold simply that "women are people." Views that separate the sexes rather than unite them are considered by these writers to be sexist rather than feminist(Xu 103). There are also debates between difference feminists such as Carol Gilligan, who believe that there are important differences between the sexes (which may or may not be inherent, but which cannot be ignored), and those who believe that there are no essential differences between the sexes, and that the societal roles are due to conditioning. Individualist feminists such as Wendy McElroy are concerned with equality of rights, and criticize sexist/classist forms of feminism as "gender feminism"(Rubin 159). Chapter Ⅳ. The change of women’s status

A. Change and development of women’s status
For a long time, China had been popular in the view that men were superior to women. Women were always dominated under the power of men. They hardly lacked of the basic autonomy and dignity. The thought of three obedience and the four virtues, a wife to her husband, and so on, were fully changed women into men’s slave. From birth to die of old age, women always were extremely discrimination and inequality of treatment. Women, in many cases, are considered as the men’s accessories or derivatives. (Huang 35) The new culture movement of feudalism reflected and critiqued in size and depth are far more than before the revolution of 1911 about education aspects on women, thus has vigorously promoted the development of modern Chinese women's social status. After the May 4th movement, women's struggle for liberation outbreak, striving for equality education called for higher and further improvement on the status of women. In terms of political status, intellectual women as the main body of the advanced for the rights also actively took part in a series of patriotic movement. At the beginning of the 20th century to the revolution, women before in the patriotic movement made important contributions. All of these women in patriotic movement showed that rise of women in the political arena were powerful. In marriage and family status, after the revolution of 1911, the reform party person, had lobbied for the progress for advocating, women fight for marriage, revealing the prelude of freedom, equality of spouses. May 4th movement, western science and democracy thought in China's spread led to the changes in the concept of marriage and family in China, further push the marriage and family institutional change what made women have greatly improved on the domestic status. While noting that, in female economic position, along with the development of modern industry, the female's economic status also began to change. They began to reach out and to participate in social economic life, career, and gradually to seek social economic independent direction. All this suggests that, modern Chinese women’s social status have made great breakthrough. (Sethaput 97) Although women were the inferior position to male status, it was still advancing from the whole civilization process. The women’s social status was constantly attention with social, economic and political development. It had a corresponding progress in different times and different position. Nowadays, whether in the family or society, the status of women has got a huge increase. What’s more, the politics, economy, and the various kinds of status also have been greatly improved. They appeared in all walks of life with outstanding figure shows that the women are as strong and excellent as men. Women can really hold up the sky. B. Reason of the change and development of women’s status The position of women in society has changed greatly since the Second World War. Women's role and social status is a complex issue and a hard-to-define subject. Around the world, women's status in each society and culture varies in different ways. In some societies, women's status improved gradually, while in others, it declined or remained unchanged. What are the factors that affect women’s role and social status(Survey on the Social Status, 2012)? This chapter will focus on these questions and draw a conclusion about them. First, a woman's ability to survive would affect women's status in most countries. It is more likely that people would have more respect on productive persons than for independence in most cultures. Therefore, women's contribution is one of the factors affecting women's status. ( Butruille 182) Second, in a non-egalitarian society, women are more likely to have a lower social status .In such a case if the public believes that human beings are not equal, and thus they classify people into different classes, socially or politically. Then speaking of genders, there must be a higher class as well. Would that be male or female? I suppose it to be male. The reason is that males are physically advantaged relative to females, and therefore, males are traditionally valued over females in many cultures. In addition, the equality between people is usually taken very seriously in a developed country. Third, there is a relationship between wealth and woman's status. That as a society gets wealthier, the higher the women’s status will be. When a society becomes rich, one of the reasons may be more and more women work as men do, so the working labor of the society is increasing and sufficient, therefore, the earnings of the society increase. In addition, because the society gets rich, it could provide education to more people, and thus increase its citizens' competition on production. C. Characteristics of women’s status change

The most obvious feature of modern women is independent; they started to rely on themselves to achieve their goals. Now many women are going into high-end professions, such as medicine, law and engineering. They comprise a large part of the workers in businesses and factories. In addition, they are working up to important positions which used to be held mainly by men. There are even some businesses which are run completely be women. Clearly, women are making outstanding contributions to the progress of modern society. Take some examples of modern women; at the moment, there has been some female participated in the Mars exploration team. The principle in charge of the manned spacecraft project from Lockheed Martin Company said that the human first-time exploration of Mars satellite may be conducted in 2033. Despite the current team for the astronauts is far from certain, but the time that women were excluded from the space exploration will be soon come to an end. On June 16th Major Liu Yang blasted off in the Shenzhou-9 space craft. At the age of 33 she became the first Chinese woman to travel to outer space. Ms Liu stands as an example of one of the most significant trends in China today: the emergence of a new generation of women, educated, ambitious and successful, who are playing vital roles in the country’s economic and social development. This also implied that not only men can reach such high-technology achievements, so do women. In sport, Chinese women excelled in the rankings at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. The ineptitude of the national men’s football side is a much lamented topic of conversation among Chinese fans. The Chinese women’s team by contrast has advanced to the quarter-final round of the World Cup four times since 1991. Educators and industry leaders point out that in addition to building physical endurance and coordination skills, participation in sports activities teaches perseverance, teamwork, and leadership skills, all of which are important to young people in their future lives. Zhao Ning, an educational executive who just had her (first) child, agrees. “Girls no longer have to compete with male siblings for their parents’ attention when it comes time for critical decisions about investing in a child’s future or education.”   Women’s group is also active in advertisements. As feminists work to overcome this stereotyping. Advertisers are beginning to recognize the existence of millions of women who work outside the home and are gearing ads toward them. Recognition of the buying power of working women is evident in the emergence of several magazines for them---women who work, and working mother. Feminists are increasingly encouraged by such changes because they recognize the power of the media to shape roles and attitudes. Chapter Ⅴ. Analysis on women rulers in history and modern time from home and abroad A. The non-selective hereditary women rulers

1.Queen Zhao
The system of “attendance to state affaires behind the curtain” is not initiated by The Empress Dowager. In our history, this system can be traced back to the Warring State period. During the warring states period, if the emperor was dead and his righteous heir to the throne was too young to conduct the state affairs. Then the mother of the little emperor could assist him by his side. But according to the regulation of the palace, the queen can not directly engage in the state affairs, and the officials are forbidden to directly see and contact with the empress dowager. So the queen or dowager usually sits in the room near the court, separated by a curtain, listening to the discussion of officials and the emperor. Thus, this system of queen assisting the little emperor is vividly called “attendance to state affaires behind the curtain”. Queen Zhao was one of the earliest women to attend to the state affairs behind the curtain. She was a queen in the warring state period, who was also a mother that spoiled her son. In that time, Qin Dynasty took the chance of Zhao’s regime alternation, aggressively attacked Zhao and occupied three cities of Zhao. Zhao had to call for the help of Qi. However, Qi demanded the younger son of queen Zhao as hostage. Zhao smothered her son, determined to refuse Qi’s claim. Under this serious situation, Chu Long managed to persuade Queen Zhao to send out her son. Finally, the crisis of Zhao was removed. (Philips 32) Queen Zhao is a typical representative of women’s status improvement of China. From ancient China to modern society, women's social status in china experienced a complex process: from high to low, again from low to high. Time is a matriarchal clan commune with women as the core of the era. At that time, women were the master of society. Whether giving birth to and raising children, hunting, or doing farm work were women's work. Women possessed very high rights, and men dare not disobey. 2.Queen ElizabethⅠ

Elizabeth I is the last Tudor monarch in the 15th century. Queen spent her whole life leading the country and didn’t marry anyone. In fact, Elizabeth was talented in literature, she was good at six languages, She also engaged in writing and translation, she personally translated Horace's art of poetry, some of her speech and translations of his works has been handed down since that time. She brought the golden age of poetry and art. During the war, she was thoughtful and headed, in the battle, Elizabeth disregard for her personal safety concerns, Essex type in the primary with no guard without armor in reviewing Navy, and published one of the most famous speeches in history. What more, she was unflappable, when she met a killer in church, the killer was cruel but she was very calmed. No matter how serious the problems were. She was never afraid. Although she was just a woman, her momentum of attack was still admirable. God has not given her the love, but she had conquered the whole era. A woman who couldn’t has ordinary people living in a day, holding up the British centuries not falling the Sun. (Stafford 486) B. Selective campaign women rulers

1. Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher was Britain's first female prime minister and served three consecutive terms in office. She is one of the dominant political figures of 20th century Britain, and Thatcherism continues to have a huge influence. As British Prime Minister Cameron once said, “Baroness Thatcher was pushing for political struggle to go down in history. She makes Britain to stand up, and stand once again." She was referred to as “The Iron Lady”. She is the first female prime minister in British history, but also created a reelected third term 11-year-old woman prime minister records. Prime Minister no longer had any bit of power so long time. She is the first in British history to a set of policies which they pursued was dubbed the "doctrine" and "revolution" of the Prime Minister, is the 20th century, one of the best prime minister. 2. Park Geun-hye

Park Geun-hye has made history and became South Korea’s first female president. Now let’s take a closer look at the new leader. Park Geun-hye was born on February 2nd, 1952. She graduated with a bachelor degree in engineering from so gang University in Seoul. Park has been described by voters as “good-hearted, calm and trustworthy.” Much of Park’s public persona has been built on her close association with her father’s rule. Her critics see in her only the embodiment of him. But the presence of her father’s legacy has, at times, proved an asset, as many older South Koreans hope she will evoke his strong charisma, and settle the country’s economic and security woes. Park Geun-hye has never married and has no children. This generates an image of a selfless daughter of South Korea, and has drawn many voters who have become apathetic to male politicians and the corruption scandals surrounding their families. 3. Condoleezza Rice

Condoleezza Rice was the 66th United States Secretary of State and was serving her second term under the administration of President, George W. Bush. She happens to be the first black female, second African American as well as the second woman to hold the post of the US Secretary of State. Rice was born in Birmingham, USA. Her parents were both college professors, her aunt is a PHD of Victorian literature. Rice is an only child in her family; a well-off family environment makes her enjoy a splendid education. Rice has never married, and has no children. Rice's life was full of racial discrimination against black people, so it made her thinking for black people all the time, wanting to wash their own shame. The more people discriminated against her, she can hardly spend more effort, and constantly strive to make constant progress and eventually become the U.S. secretary of state, to become the world's most powerful woman. Chapter VI. Conclusion

A. Overview
This paper suggests that, modern women’s social status have made great breakthrough. Women’s social status has experienced change and development from history to modern times. Women rulers have change from the hereditary ruling type in which women have no rights, to modern women who can participate in campaign and be in power. Although women were the inferior position to male status, it was still advancing from the whole civilization process. The women’s social status was constantly attention with social, economic and political development. It had a corresponding progress in different times and different position. Nowadays, whether in the family, or in society, the status of women has got a huge increase. Women who are living in the modern time should be glad that such a spread in gender equality, non-sexist society. Countries have developed some special women legal laws and regulations and founded a number of specialized agencies to protect women. What’s more, the politics, economy, and the various kinds of status also have been greatly improved. They appeared in all walks of life with outstanding figure that shows women are as strong and excellent as men. B. Concluding remarks

The role of women has continued evolve over the centuries. The role of women also varies by location and social status. Wealthy, poor, rural and urban women may have slightly different roles in their communities. Gender equality has increased tremendously. However, this process is rather tough and complex. Great women made great efforts to fight for themselves. In ancient China or Eastern countries, women had a very low social status. Society expected women to be obedient to their husbands and male relatives. They remained at an economic disadvantage. Few women received an education and most worked at home. Those who worked outside the home received lower wages than men. Gender equality has increased tremendously. Today, women in the world are not considered subordinate to men. They can choose their own husbands, get a divorce and attend college. This proved that women's social status has obviously promoted. Therefore, in modern society, women started to involve in many fields to present themselves. They are so independent that they can be superior to men in many fields. I am firmly convinced that gender discrimination will be eliminated one day, and women can enjoy the equal treatment as men.

Works Cited

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