The Crusades

Topics: First Crusade, Crusades, Kingdom of Jerusalem Pages: 6 (1827 words) Published: July 16, 2013
Jason Arnold
The Crusades
Liberty University
The Crusades
The Crusades are a big part of history, not just for the church, but for the world. This point in time showed the weakened state of the Romans and the power of the church over its people. There are good and bad things that came out of the Crusades; the heart of the people and the corruption of man. But where does the story start? The call to fight started in November 27, 1095 during the Council of Clermont under Pope Urban II. Urban address the Council and sent his priests out to give sermons to motivate the people. This was in response to the Eastern Emperor Alexios’ request for help. Urban’s call was heard throughout the land that any man who went and fought to liberate the Holy Land would be forgiven of all their past sins, and those who could not fight gave money to the campaign would receive the same kind of forgiveness.[1] The words “whoever wishes to save his soul should not hesitate humbly to take up the way of the Lord, and if he lack sufficient money, divine mercy will give him enough” and “brethren, we ought to endure much suffering for the name of Christ-misery, poverty, nakedness, persecution, want, illness, hunger, thirst, and ills of this kind, just as the Lord saith to his disciples ‘You must suffer My name’” were given by the priests to encourage people to support the effort.[2] The call to march and help out the eastern Christians was heard loud and clear. The people were ready to free them the Persians because their hearts where not directed to God[3]. The West marched on Constantinople and then towards Jerusalem, and liberated both them from the Muslims. This Campaign was considered a huge success and a victory for the Christians. The Second Crusade

Unlike the first Crusade, the second was not considered as successful. This campaign started in 1145 under Pope Eugene III. There is controversy over why the second crusade was started, and it is unknown if it was to attack the Muslims to free the holy land, or to reconquer the land under military might. It is also unknown what the key factors were for the campaign, but we do know that Germany and France had a big role in the fight.

From the records we can see that it’s beginning was a delegation from Armenia of bishops that came to ask the Pope for help. It took them 18 months to reach the Pope and they arrived at the end November, 1145 and saw the Pope on December 1.[4] The delegates led by Hugh the Bishop of Jabala in Syria pled with the Pope and even mentioned that they were considering appealing for help from Conrad of Germany and Louis of France.[5] It is believed that the papacy knew about what was going on with the eastern churches, but it is unknown why they had not reacted yet. The decision was made December 1st, and the Pope issued the Crusade bull, “Quantum paraedecessores nosti”.[6]

Louis of France, after hearing the request for help, summoned his princes together and ordered them into the crusade. It is unknown why Louis did this, but some say it is because he had an oath to fulfill that his brother had taken on (to see Jerusalem) but was unable to complete because of his death. [7] Either way, on Easter 1146, France picked up their Crusade Cross to help the East. It took Louis awhile to get the approval of the Pope to start the expedition, but when it was approved the Pope appointed St. Bernard the task of being the official papal delegate on the crusade.

In 1147 the two Kings set off of the East. Conrad III of Germany and Louis VII of France both intended to protect Jerusalem from falling.[8] Conrad landed in Constantinople in September 1147, and Louis arrived in October. They were not welcomed by the Eastern Emperor Manel because of what had happened during the first crusade.[9] Both armies marched out. Conrad’s army was defeated first in the Battle of Dorylaeum where he lost 9/10 of his forces. Louis’ army did not fare well either; many became sick and died from...

Bibliography: Child, John, Martyn John Whittock, and Nigel Kelly, The Crusades. Oxford, England: Heinemann Educational, 1992.
Gervers, Michael. The Second Crusade and the Cistercians. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1992.
Peters, Edward. The First Crusade: the Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres and Other Source Materials, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998.
[4] Michael Gervers, The Second Crusade and the Cistercians, (New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1992), 80.
[8] John Child, Martyn John Whittock, & Nigel Kelly, The Crusades, (Oxford, England: Heinemann Educational, 1992), 22.
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