The Cro Magnons and Neanderthals

Topics: Hunting, Burial, Spear Pages: 1 (374 words) Published: January 19, 2014
 The Cro Magnons and Neanderthals
The Cro Magnons appeared in Africa around 100,000 years ago and entered Europe 35,000 years ago. The Neanderthals are traced back to 130,000 years ago when they appeared in Europe. Cro Magnons are like us in many ways, appearance wise we look exactly the same, unlike the Neanderthals who were short and stocky with big bones and a slightly larger brain then Cro Magnons. Having a slightly larger brain didn’t mean they were more intelligent then the Cro Magnons, the Cro Magnons were much more skilled in hunting and communicating. They invented the spear thrower which let them throw spears farther away, this made it much easier to hunt. Neanderthals and Cro Magnons hunted most of the same animals, mammoth, reindeer, bison, and wild horses. Cro Magnons also hunted fish, using a harpoon tipped with bone points. The Neanderthals were nomadic hunter/gathers who used fire for warmth and cooking there food. They made major technology advances in housing, examples of this; when they lived in caves, they dug ditches in there dirt floors to carry away water. If they couldn't find a cave they would build wood frames and cover them with animal skins. They believed in life after death as they covered the bodies of there dead with flowers and buried them in shallow graves with food, tools and weapons. The Cro Magnons had many advances in tool making technology. The advances of hunting weapons caused them to coordinate there hunts. They set up formal rules of hunting. There leaders would enforce these rules. They have found evidence that these leaders had higher status burials since they were buried with ivory daggers, amber beads, and other signs of high rank. The Cro Magnons added artistry, examples of this are cave panting's. Archaeologists found figures of ivory and bone decorated with animal or abstract designs, there artifacts may have been used for magic rituals. This could show the Cro Magnons belief about there sprit world From...
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