The Controversy of Medication
January 1, 2014
Professor Your Professor
The Controversy of Medication
It is hard as an educator to watch a child struggle to learn on the same level as their peers, to focus, and to stay on task. Especially when it is clear that the child has an inability to do all of the above, and could possibly have attention deficit disorder (ADHA) or an emotional behavior disorder (EBD) causing these inabilities. As an educator you want to do what is best for the educational success of all of your students. However, without the proper intervention it is not possible to do so. As a parent it is hard to hear that your child has a disability, we might notice small and sometimes abnormal things, but think they are simply a part of our child’s unique personality. Eventually we must face the evidence, have the child tested, and do what is best for him or her, and decide what treatment is best for their overall success.
“Children with ADHD manifest a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequently displayed and more severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development” (Rosenberg, Westling, & McLeskey, 2007, p. 236). The characteristics associated but not limited to ADHD are, impulsivity hyperactivity, inattention, coexisting conduct problems, coexisting academic problems (Rosenberg, M.S., Westling, D.L., & M cLeskey, J., 2007). [Other emotional disorders such as depression have also been associated with ADHD] (Frontline, 2014). In fact EBD is a separate disorder from ADHD. EBD is defined as “behavioral and emotional responses that are so different from appropriate age, cultural, or ethnic norms that educational performance is affected adversely” (Rosenberg, Westling, & McLeskey, 2007, p. 171). Attention deficit and depression are two of the seven characteristics of EBD. The others are aggression, rule breaking, anxiety, depression, social skills deficits, and social withdrawal (Rosenberg, M.S., Westling, D.L., & M cLeskey, J., 2007).
Identifying and diagnosing children with ADHD and EBD is not an easy task. However, the hardest part is finding and choosing the right treatment for each individual case. What works for one in most cases will not work for another. Moreover some are not open to all treatment options. Specifically psychotropic medications. Parents love their children and want them to suffer as little as possible in life. They are willing to do everything possible to help their children manage their ADHD and EBD. They participate in individual education plan (IEP) meetings, work closely with the special education department to assist in every way possible, they even enlist the help of tutors and therapist. In some cases this intervention is enough to help their children manage their ADHD. Many parents try everything in their power to help their child manage their symptoms. Some have tried elimination diets. This is when foods that are thought to be a trigger for ADHD, specifically sugars are cut out of a child’s diet , and health foods usually high in fiber are increased. Another study has documented that children with ADHD have a very low level of Omega-3 fatty acids in their blood. Which lead to the theory that adding an Omega-3 fatty supplement to the diet of a child with ADHD could help manage symptoms. It was found that a small but significant improvement in symptoms occurred during this study. Another study observed children of parents who participated in parent training. These training courses taught parenting skills and child safety. A decrease in symptoms was noted in the children of these parents ("WebMD", 2014). Moreover, in many cases children with ADHD and EBD have short lived success with these methods, or they have no success at all. This is where the use of medications come in, a rout most parents do not want to take.
Most doctors and therapist use stimulant...
References: Frontline. (2014). Medicating Kids [Video file]. Retrieved from PBs/ Frontline website:
Helpguide.org. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/adhd_medications.htm
Rosenberg, M.S., Westling, D.L., & M cLeskey, J. (2007). . Retrieved from The University of
Phoenix eBook Collection database.
WebMD. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/childhood-adhd/adhd-
WebMD. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/guide/adhd-stimulant-
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