The Contribution of Sport to Development Objectives
INTD 3010 - Dr. Owen Willis
David Lipton - B00577231
The last two decades have seen a rapid increase in the use of sport in development and peace building (Kay & Dudfield, 2013). Non Governmental Organizations such as Right to Play and Magic Bus have worked to deliver this new branch of development, formally recognized by leading international bodies as a viable means to address social, economic, and development challenges (Kay & Dudfield, 2013). As a result, the sport for development and peace (SDP) movement has gained increased profile and credibility. Today, sport is being widely used by many agencies to promote social and economic change across the globe. However, with this increase in SDP comes a greater demand to analyze the role of sport in development. Questions must be asked such as; what are the positive and negative impacts sports have on development efforts? What development objectives do sports attempt to assist accomplish? And finally, does the current SDP system truly bring about development; or does it continue to abet/function within the same system that generates social inequality? This paper seeks to answer these questions, by examining two of the most qualified pieces of literature to speak on SDP. These include Simon Darnell’s Sport for Development and Peace: A Critical Sociology, as well as Tess Kay and Oliver Dudfield’s The Commonwealth Guide to Advancing Development Through Sport. In doing so, these novels will be compared, contrasted, and critiqued on their views and assessment of the prevailing SDP structure. The Commonwealth Guide to Advancing Development Through Sport and Sport for Development and Peace: A Critical Sociology are different in almost every single way. The greatest difference between these two pieces of literature is their view on what the development goals of SDP should be. Tess Kay and Oliver Dudfield understand the prevailing SDP structure as a viable and successful tool to deliver six different forms of development. These include youth, education, health, gender, diversity, and peace building (Kay & Dudfield, 2013). Through this blueprint, sports allow many development goals to be realized. Physical activity assists young people in staying healthy (Kay & Dudfield, 2013). It promotes values such as tolerance, co-operation and respect that can be transferred to non-sports contexts (Kay & Dudfield, 2013). In addition, sport can also help to improve community development efforts. Although it does not directly cure global social, political, and economic challenges, it can be used to strengthen established development approaches and contribute to specific formal policy goals (Kay & Dudfield, 2013). For example, well designed sports based initiatives can be a practical, cost effective way to work with target groups in order to deliver the vital skills and learning necessary for achieving development objectives.
In stark contrast, Sport for Development and Peace: A Critical Sociology views SDP as a tool for political uprising and social movements (Darnell, 2012). It suggests that sports should provide a social and cultural node around which political organizing and resistance occurs (Darnell, 2012). Further, it offers the ability to connect these local movements that challenge inequality transnationally. Through this scheme, sports should be viewed primarily and exclusively as an entry point for locals to tackle global political inequities. It is here, where Darnell critiques the current SDP system in place that is supported by Kay and Dudfield. He believes that the current SDP reduces international development to a process of attending to the symptoms of globalized inequality and rarely its causes (Darnell, 2012). He argues that SDP must seek to challenge and deconstruct global hierarchies, as opposed to supporting evermore-creative ways of motivating...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document