The Conquests of Alexander the Great
The general assumption of Alexander the Great is that he was a conqueror and was in charge of the destruction of the Persian Empire. This leader and achiever succeeded in plenty other aspects to create the conqueror he became over time. Thus, Alexander the Great was an average youthful child who was born in Pella, Macedonia where he later became emperor. The support from other scholars has helped prove the importance of him and his conquests.
Macedonia is the place in which Philip derived from which he turned over his ruling to Alexander the Great. Macedonia was considered one of the four Hellenistic kingdoms under the Antigonid dynasty. In relation to Macedonia before and during Alexander the Great’s founding and securing of its state of being, Macedonia has differed today. I visited there two summers ago on a mission trip with my church and it seemed to be very free living whereas it had much control with Philip being emperor and then handing down his power to Alexander. The mission trip revealed the religion aspect as well as the day to day living. In comparison, the empire of Macedonia has its differences due to Alexander. It seemed under control, yet free living, which comes to show that it was left in good hands with Alexander the Great leaving it under prime circumstances. Before Alexander could bring forth is efforts to conquer a multitude of places, he had to have his strong background and sense of self. “Various charming anecdotes about Alexander’s early life are preserved in Plutarch, illuminating Alexander’s precocious nature, intelligence and love of learning, bravery, and undoubted destiny to rule” 1 These traits brought this conqueror to qualify him as a great leader. In relation to his success, he obtained bravery and determination to assist in his conquests. The battles in which he defeated the opposing side include a variety due to his overall destruction of the Persian Empire. The Battle of Chaeronea consisted of the Macedonian army crushing Greek allies in 338 B.C. The Battle of Issus turned into a rout where Darius escaped Alexander and entered Babylon where he then proceeded to the Persian capitals at Susa and Persepolis and took possession over gold and silver.2 The Battle of Hydaspes River was a brutally fought event where Alexander of course took over and was the underlying winner. The Battle of Granicus consisted of the invasion of Asia where the Macedonians lost few men in comparison to the other groups who suffered a great deal of losses. 3 This battle was a major attack in which Alexander led an army of Macedonians and Greeks into Western Asia to launch his attack on the Persian Empire. This was initiated in the year of 334 B.C. “The great cities of the Persian Empire fell quickly to Alexander.” 4 All in all, these battles were the most significant within the simple defeat of the Persian Empire. Moreover, in 327 B.C. Alexander pushed eastward into India, which expanded his boundaries of totalitarian domination. Alexander the Great conquered Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Asia Minor, and Persia. He had his extensive list of enemies and simply general people to vent. These people include some like Porus, Ptolemy, and Spitamenes. For background knowledge of the figures in history who had an effect on Alexander the Great and his conquests, Porus fought against Alexander the Great yet still lost and was still allowed to continue his leadership within his kingdom. Ptolemy is actually of Alexander’s friends in which became a solid general in all he did. He was the person who made Egypt into a dynasty after Alexander the Great passed away. Spitamenes In regards to his conquest of that, he also united the Hellenistic world and brought Greek ideas of religion, culture, and philosophy to different groups of people and distributed his thoughts and expansions. A cultural legacy was left by Alexander; “As a result of his conquests, Greek language, art, architecture, and...
Bibliography: Rice, E. E. Alexander the Great. N.p.: Sutton Publishing, 1997.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document