The Confederation of Newfoundland

Topics: British Empire, Liberal Party of Newfoundland and Labrador, Labrador Pages: 4 (1021 words) Published: May 21, 2013
The Confederation of Newfoundland

On March 31, 1949, Newfoundland became Canada’s tenth and youngest province. Joseph Smallwood played a crucial role in bringing Newfoundland into confederation. Smallwood was a journalist with an unquenchable ambition to become a father of confederation. Before confederation, Newfoundland was a colony of Great Britain, but it was Joey Smallwood and all his efforts, that changed that. Because of his leadership, Newfoundland came into confederation and brought benefits for both Newfoundland and Canada.

Newfoundland was exceptionally poor before confederation and Newfoundlanders had it spectacularly hard. By 1934, the First World War and the worldwide depression had bankrupt the dominion. When the economy collapsed Newfoundland went bankrupt and many people faced starvation. The Newfoundland government approached Britain for aid and Newfoundlanders voluntarily sacrificed their independence and once again became a colony of Great Britain. As a result, their elected government was replaced by an appointed commission. Britain was now running Newfoundland and its self-government had been suspended. During the Second World War, prosperity and self-confidence returned to Newfoundland but after the war, the governor had proposed confederation. Many Newfoundlanders thought joining the US was a better option and others wanted to regain the independence they had lost when Newfoundland went bankrupt in the 1930’s. Only a handful wanted to become apart of Canada.

Joseph Smallwood played an integral role in bringing Newfoundland into confederation. Smallwood had come to the conclusion that Newfoundland’s best option would be to join Canada and he was determined to get a majority of Newfoundlanders to agree with him. In January of 1946, he proposed that confederation be placed on the ballot paper in the first referendum. His proposal was defeated 29-16 and for many Newfoundlanders, the fight was over but for Smallwood, the fight...

Bibliography: Bailey, Ellen. “Newfoundland & Labrador” Canada’s Heritage: Newfoundland and Labrador, 2010 MasterFILE Premier
Callwood, June
Rowe, Frederick W. The Smallwood Era. Canada: MrGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited, 1985.
June Callwood, Portrait of Canada, (New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc, 1981) 300
Ellen Bailey, “Newfoundland and Labrador” Canada’s Heritage: Newfoundland and Labrador, 2010 MasterFILE Premier 6-7
Rex Murphy, “Reluctant Union” The Beaver: Exploring Canada’s History, February-March 2009, General OneFile, 5
Ellen Bailey “Newfoundland & Labrador” Canada’s Heritage: Newfoundland & Labrador , 2010 MasterFILE Premier, 6-7
J.L
Frederick W.Rowe, The Smallwood Era, (Canada: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited, 1985) 7-12
June Callwood, Portrait of Canada, (New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc, 1981) 300
Frederick W.Rowe, The Smallwood Era, (Canada: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited, 1985) 12-14
June Callwood, Portrait of Canada, (New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc, 1981) 300
J.L. Granatstein, “Joey Smallwood” Maclean’s Vol. 111 Issue 26, June 1998, 3
Ellen Bailey “Newfoundland & Labrador” Canada’s Heritage: Newfoundland & Labrador , 2010 MasterFILE Premier
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Confederation Essay
  • Essay on Newfoundland Railway!
  • Newfoundland Brief Intro Essay
  • Essay on Confederation
  • Newfoundland Stereotypes Essay
  • Oil Production in Newfoundland and Labrador Essay
  • Articles of Confederation Essay
  • Experimenting with Confederation Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free