The Concept of Democracy

Topics: Democracy, Government, Elections Pages: 9 (2558 words) Published: November 7, 2014
Democracy is viewed to be an ideal form of political system and government. Several countries these days have adopted this. Democracy signifies supreme power that lies in the body of the citizens electing leaders that will represent them. This can also be defined as political system and orientation including individuals standing by the government or by the individuals they have elected to represent them. Democracy entails numerous advantages but this is also tied to some disadvantages.

Advantages of Democracy
Protects the Interest of Citizens
One of the topmost advantages of democracy is the protection of people’s interest. Real power lies in the people exercising it by means of representatives duly elected by the citizen. It is known that economic, political and social interests of people are best served under the democratic system. Promotes Equality

Democracy is generally based on the rule of equality. This means that all members of a country or a state are equal in the eyes of law. Every individual has the right to enjoy and experience equal economic, political and social rights and the state is not allowed to discriminate citizens on the standard of sex, caste, property and religion. Responsibility and Stability in Administration 

Democracy is recognized for its efficiency, firmness and stability. When there is fixed and elected representatives, a more stable and responsible government is formed. The administration is also conducted and ruled with sense of dedication and responsibility. Individuals under a democratic system discuss matters and issues thoroughly in order to come up with reasonable decisions. Helps Make Good Citizens 

Democracy aids in creating ideal environment for the improvement of personality and cultivation of character and good habits. According to experts, democracy seems to be the very first schools for good citizenship. This is where individuals learn about their duties and rights starting from their birth until the time of their death. Promotes Change 

Democracy paved way for changes in the government without any form of violence. This makes people feel great and provide them with ideal sense of involvement and participation.

Disadvantages of Democracy
Misuse of Time and Public Funds
Democracy can also lead to wasted resources and time. This also takes huge time in law formulations. Also, lots of money is being spent during election. There is also the possibility of being ruled by irresponsible and incompetent leaders who just waste public funds for their recreations and tours. Wrong Choice 

Not all individuals under a democratic country are aware of political and social circumstances in their country. Some of them are not even acquainted with political issues. This may lead to erroneous decisions and selection in the event of elections. Give More Emphasis on Quantity instead of Quality

Another disadvantage of democracy is that this gives more emphasis on quantity instead of quality in terms of services. There is also the possibility of being governed by incompetent and irresponsible leaders. Some says that under this political system, there is no equality for only the rich and famous are prioritized and not the poor.

Advantages of Democracy
Democracy is considered to be the best form of government these days. Most of the countries in the world have adopted it. The following arguments have been given in favour of Democracy: (i) Safeguards the interests of the people:

Chief merit of democracy lies in that it safeguards the interests of the people. Real power lies in the hands of the people who exercise it by the representatives elected by them and who are responsible to them. It is said that social, economic and political interests of the individuals are served better under this system. (ii) Based on the principle of equality:

Democracy is based on the principle of equality. All members of the State are equal in the eyes of law. All enjoy equal social,...
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