“The Coming of the Spanish and the Pueblo Revolt” (Hopi)
“The Coming of the Spanish and the Pueblo Revolt” (Hopi) illustrates how the interactions of two distinctly different groups of people inevitably change the dynamics of each group, collectively and individually. This story is told from the Hopi perspective, but the outcome of the Pueblo Revolt is historically validated. It is the events described in this story that show how the Hopi and the Spaniards change by contact with each other. A few of the changes for the Hopi were the upheaval of their Utopian-like existence by the arrival of the Spaniards, the need to practice their religion secretly, and the determination to use violence to defend their own, even though it was initially suppressed by the Spaniards. The Spaniards emerged from a people who were expanding their wealth and religion to the new world, but ultimately became immoral and used their power to deceive and control the Hopi population. After the revolt, life returned to “normal” for the Hopi for a period of years, but the changes from the interaction with the Spaniards remained. Prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, the Hopi had well established villages; after their arrival, the villages became chaotic and fearful. The Hopi were initially afraid of the Spaniards, but were told by the Spaniards that they were sent by the savior, Bahana. This deception enabled manipulation of the Hopi, and the missions were permitted to be built. As the Hopi began to distrust the Spaniards, they were again frightened when the Spaniards declared they had more powers than witches. This fear immobilized them and they became slaves to the Spaniards, no longer able to roam their native land freely. They instead were required to labor and perish while obeying the Spaniard’s orders to retrieve lumber to build the missions. As the domination continued, the Spaniards destroyed the Hopi’s altars and customs by burning them in the plaza, for all to...
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