The Columbian Exchange: Europeans and Native Americans

Topics: Native Americans in the United States, North America, Latin America Pages: 12 (2828 words) Published: December 14, 2014
The Columbian Exchange

Historical Context: In the late 1400s, European explorers found the North American continent. Native American peoples who were already living in North America had created a system of government and society that rivaled Europe's. The cultural and biological exchange between the "New World" and the "Old World" (North America and Europe, respectively) is often called the Columbian Exchange in reference to Christopher Columbus.

Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying documents in Part A. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the source of the document and the author’s point of view.

Be sure to:
Carefully read the document based question.
Consider what you already know about the topic
How would you answer the question if you had no documents to examine? Now, read each document carefully, underlining key phrases and words that address the document based question. You may also wish to use the margin of your paper for notes

Answer the questions that follow each document
Based on your knowledge of the topic and on the information found in the documents, formulate a thesis that directly answers the question. Organize supportive and relevant information using the attached 5 paragraph outline worksheet. Completely write out your thesis statement in the appropriate place Completely write out each paragraph topic sentence

The outline should be able to prove your thesis
The information in the outline should be logically presented The outline should include both information from the documents and from your outside knowledge of the subject

Question:In a well-planned essay, identify and evaluate: The reaction Native Americans had to the Europeans; the reaction Europeans had to the Native Americans; how the world changed because of the interaction between these two cultures.

Terms and concepts that do not appear in the documents but could be used in the final essay:

Bartholomew DiasVasco da GammaHenry the Navigator“The Black Legend” MercantilismSpicesEncomiendaInca
Francisco PizzaroBalboaTreaty of TordesillasPapal Bull of 1494 “Virgin field outbreak”
Document 1

From the diary of Christopher Columbus during his first voyage of exploration.

Saturday, 13 October. [1492] At daybreak great multitudes of men came to the shore, all young and of fine shapes, very handsome; their hair not curled but straight and coarse like horse-hair, and all with foreheads and heads much broader than any people I had seen; They came loaded with balls of cotton, parrots, javelins, and other things too numerous to mention; these they exchanged for whatever we chose to give them.

What type of source is this? (Primary or secondary and WHAT is it?) _________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ What is the bias of the author? What might account for this bias? _____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ What did Columbus observe about the Natives? ___________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ What do the immediate actions of both the Native Americans and Spaniards tell us about their priorities? _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________

Document 2

A description of Aztec reaction to Cortez from a messengers’ report to Montezuma, 1519

[Montezuma] was also terrified to learn how the...
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