July 6th, 2012
Communism is based on the ideas and teachings of Karl Marx. The ideal of communism is a system in which everyone is seen as equal and wealth is distributed equally among the people. This means that the state owns and controls all enterprises and property. The state is run by one leading elite known as the Soviet model of communism which was based on these ideals. All of the opposition parties were banned unlike the parties who were sympathetic to communism and shared the communist ideals was allowed. All of the power was concentrated into the hands of the Communist party causing free press and civil liberties to become suppressed. Censorship and propaganda were widely used because there was state ownership of the economy but this meant that no private enterprise was allowed. There was a gathering of agriculture which was the organizing of an enterprise and industry on the basis of collectivism. The Communist Party invaded and controlled every aspect of political, social, cultural and economic life. Thus, it had become a dictatorial state with complete Communist control over all surfaces of life. Karl Marx, founder of the Communist Movement, is most accredited for his anti-Capitalistic views and theories which seek to uncover the underlying “evils” and more importantly the ultimate meaning of the term capitalism. Marx’s revolutionary movement sought to establish the modern wage laborers as a dependent class by abolishing private property, thus destroying the economic system of capitalism and replacing it with Communism, an economic system whose sole purpose is to give everyone the equal opportunity to succeed in life through the elimination of class antagonism. By focusing on and evaluating all of the constituents which support Marx’s argument for a Communistic society a reader may reflect not only on the inherent issues present in Communism, but may further question the validity of Marx’s argument that Communism is a necessary product of the flaws of capitalism. Communism is a necessary historical outcome. Many people believed that the course of history is defined by an ever-present struggle between socioeconomic classes. Marx quotes, “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles”. He felt that historical epochs were defined by the relationship between different classes at different points in time. He also noted that every class is unstable and as a result of its internal contradictions, is destined for destruction. After this destruction, a new class would be formed, potentially resolving the contradictions of the previous class; while creating its own contradictions. These contradictions will eventually cause its own destruction. In the Capitalist society the bourgeoisie creates the proletariat class so that they have people to labor in their industries. The proletariat works under harsh conditions, but because it has the means to associate through politics, their political awareness increases. When the need is met, conditions are created that is necessary for the overthrow of the bourgeoisie class. Marx notes, “What the bourgeoisie, therefore produces, above all, is its own grave-diggers. It falls and victory of the proletariat is equally inevitable” Human history unfolds that lead to an end in history- a Utopian endpoint. This “endpoint” would occur as a result of the establishment of Communism, which would end all class antagonism. A major factor that contributed to the eventual collapse of communism was the fact that the Communist party's domination was illegitimate from the beginning. Lenin came to power after a bloody Civil War between those who had supported Lenin and those who opposed the Soviet regime. To Lenin, defeat was unthinkable and he was prepared to make any and every sacrifice to win the war and save "the revolution". The forcible diminishing of food and supplies was...
Bibliography: 1. “The Principles Of Communism” www.marxists.org 06 Jul 2012
2. Various Inputs, Chronicle of the 20th Century Quotations (Guinness Publishing Ltd., 1996)
3. “Wikipedia of Communism” en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communism
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