The Code of Hammurabi
The Code of Hammurabi was one of many sets of laws in the Ancient Near East. Before Hammurabi there were many different tribes in the area. Some of these were the Hittie, Ur, and the Mosaics. All these different tribes had their own set of law codes that they followed. Marduk, who was the Chief and leader of the gods, sent Hammurabi to rule over Babylon. His mission was to bring the different tribes and their law codes together, to form one common identity.
Hammurabi began his rule of Babylon in 1795 B.C. He was a dignified prince who feared God. He became king at a young age but was ready to take on the challenge presented to him by Marduk. Hammurabi was to get rid of the evil and wicked, make it so the strong wouldn't harm the weak, enlighten land, and to carry on the welfare of mankind. He was referred to as "the favorite of the gods" even though he didn't consider himself related to god. He participated 2
in trade activities, repairing buildings, digging canals, and fighting in wars. Hammurabi was a successful government and military leader and warrior. He became well known for recording the first set of laws for his empire. The code was the first of many laws in Mesopotamia. In his later years, he had organized a unique code of laws more specific laws than most, which made him one of the world's most influential leaders.
The code begins and ends with different addresses to god. The laws are divided up into groups such as court proceedings, crimes, slavery, land issues, debts, family, labor, trade, marriage, and business just to name a few. It was discovered in December 1901 in Susa Elam, which is now known as Khuzistan located in the Persian mountains. The code was inscribed in Old Babylonian on an eight foot tall black stone monument referred to as cuneiform. The cuneiform used in the code consisted of hieroglyphics and pictographs. The laws were numbered one though two hundred and eighty two, but numbers sixty-six...
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