University of Economics in Bratislava, Dolnozemská cesta 1
852 35 Bratislava, Faculty of applied languages
Code Napoleon and its impact on the continental legal system Seminar paper
Iveta DrabišinováZuzana GrznárováMonika OdvarkováLenka PažmováINTRODUCTIONIt would be very hard to find a personality that played such an important role in the political affairs. The French revolution gave a chance to get on for many ambitious officers but no one was comparable to Napoleon. Later in his life, he considered the Civil Code to be the most significant of his achievements. After centuries, it is still a part of cultural heritage. To understand the power and importance of the Napoleon´s code we attempt to describe the development and historical backgrounds of the most important milestones in France in nineteenth’s century. We deal with the Napoleon´s biography, because we considered is as an important aspect or the whole topic. The Napoleon´s code builds the basis of the French society and its roots are remarkable in other law systems of Europe. The significant role of the code in the society cannot be neglected. This work demonstrates and describes the relations between structure and composition of code in comparison with its practical application. Nowadays the influence of Napoleon´s code represents one of the essentials of the evaluation measure of society.
The Age of Napoleon
“As the nation was perishing, I was born. Thirty thousand Frenchmen were vomited on to our shores, drowning the throne of liberty in waves of blood. Such was the odious sight which was the first to strike me.” A great commander, workaholic genius or a vicious cynic, these are just a few expressions which describe the personality of Napoleon. He was born in 1769 at Corsica to parents of noble Italian ancestry. The nobleness of his family opened to the future commander the door into to world. Napoleon and his brothers and sisters were admitted to the best French schools so he went to a military school at Brienne. The strong and stubborn personality of the young Bonaparte showed up very early. Spurred on by his father's death the future emperor had completed in one year a course that often took three. Later in the history, he showed it again. By his coronation, the pope lifted the crown to place it on Napoleon's brow but Napoleon took the crown and placed it on his own head. It was the demonstration of his way of governance. The church was included in the ceremony, but everyone knew that he became Emperor, not by the grace of God, but by the dint of his own efforts. The early years of the revolution offered to young officer a wide avenue of advancement. Thereby began the career of Napoleon a quick rise. His military acting is described by many epochs – making milestones. Victory but also failure went along his struggle to win recognition. At first, he bought success, transforming his military triumph into political one, gaining the position of First Consul and then Emperor. The conclusion of various treaties that left Europe at peace enabled Bonaparte to start with the reformation of France. The proceeding contained of approaches to reform the economy and legal system but also the area of church, military, education and government. The result of it was code of laws, to be known ever after as the Code Napoleon. One of the most important documents was the Concordat. Reconciliation of the church and state allowed the believer to choose their worship and at the same time confirmed the place of Catholicism in the French culture. The ablation of corruption, centralization of economy, and improvement in the school system composed the base of the reform. The society´s arrangement changed what eventuated to the fact that advancement depended on merit and not birth. The politicians and nobles acknowledged the existence of Napoleon´s undeniable skills as legislator and political leader. On the other side, this talent was deeply flawed and...
Bibliography: ww.napoloen-series.org/ins/markham/c_education_m.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleonic_Codehttp://firstempire.0catch.com/Politics___Diplomacy/Code_Napoleon/code_napoleon.htmlhttp://voices.yahoo.com/the-reforms-napoleon-their-impact-europe-362909.html?cat=37STANKOVIC, Emilija. 2005. The Influence of Roman Law on Napoleon‘s Code Civil. In A Journal of Legal History. ISSN: 1021545X, 2005, p. 310-315.
HOLTMAN, Robert. 1967. The Napoleonic Revolution. New York: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1967. p. 225 . ISBN 9780397471348.
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