THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
THE IMPACT OF WORLD WAR II
• Black American soldiers had fought against Fascism during WWII • Increased their desire for freedom, especially the south african american. • While resistance took the form of beatings, shootings, refusal of credit and jobs. • The Committee of Civil Rights was set up by President Truman inn 1947 and a program of reforms was devised.
• Black Americans moved to the cities and towns from agricultural. • Children attended all-blacks and mostly inferior schools. • Not allowed to go to the movies, hotels, restaurants, swimming pools and parks frequented by whites. • Southern blacks were not allowed to vote and were routinely harassed by the law. • Blacks were often street cleaners, garbage collectors, restroom attendants, or domestic servants.
WHAT THEY WERE FIGHTING FOR
• To end discrimination.
• Discrimination still evident in the South.
• The right to travel where and when they wanted.
• To share drinking fountains. Share facilities with white citizens. • Enjoy parks and swimming pools with while citizens.
• To be addressed by their name and title.
• To be served at a lunch counter.
• To have as good of an education as white children.
TO CHANGE ATTITUDES:
• They were fighting to change the behaviour and attitudes of white racists. • After being attacked during a lunch counter sit-in in Jackson, Mississippi a young black student wrote, “after the sit-in, all I could think of was how sick Mississippi white were. They believed so much in the segregated southern way of life, they would kill to preserve it.
KU KLUX KLAN:
• The Ku Klux Klan was a white racist organisation that had grown up after the Civil War. • They aimed to maintain white supremacy through intimidation and violence. • They terrorised the south where lynching (hanging) persisted until the 1960s.
TO VOTE WITHOUT INTIMIDATION:
• They were fighting so that black citizens were...
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