The Cherokee Nation is are Native American’s who according to 19th century ethnographers originated in the northern portion of the United States in the Great Lakes area’s and eventually migrated south to the Southeastern United States, Georgia, The Carolinas and Tennessee. Eventually the Cherokee’s were forced to relocate in Oklahoma (the authors home). This paper will cover the origins of the Cherokee, The Trail of Tears and some interesting cultural differences and rituals.
In 1829, gold was discovered at Dahlonega, on Cherokee land claimed by Georgia. The Georgia Gold Rush was the first in U.S. history, and state officials demanded that the federal government expel the Cherokee. When Andrew Jackson was inaugurated as President in 1829, Georgia's position gained the upper hand in Washington. In 1830 the Indian Removal Act authorized the forcible relocation of American Indians east of the Mississippi to a new Indian Territory. Andrew Jackson said the removal policy was an effort to prevent the Cherokee from facing the fate of "the Mohegan, the Narragansett, and the Delaware", which he suggested was extinction as a people. But, there is ample evidence that the Cherokee were adapting modern farming techniques. A modern analysis shows that the area was in general in a state of economic surplus. Two years later President Martin Van Buren ordered 7,000 Federal troops and state militia into Cherokee lands to evict the tribe. Over 16,000 Cherokee were forcibly relocated westward to Indian Territory in Oklahoma in 1838–1839, a migration known as the Trail of Tears Marched over 800 miles across Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas, the people suffered from disease, exposure and starvation, and as many as 4,000 died. The Cherokee Nation are very typical Native Americans in the aspect of culture and rituals. Cherokee Indians were polygamists until the mid 20th century when they became more monogamists however you will still