“The mid–to-late 15th century is documented as the “Age of Discovery” or the “Age of Exploration” by historians. During this time globalization was set into motion by adventurous maritime travel with ships setting sail on the seas of the Old World with their destination being the “Other World”. No European country understood the size of the Atlantic Ocean, or the length of the western African coastline. Nonetheless, Portugal leads the way with far more enthusiasm and wealth in geographic exploration of the land and sea over any other European country. (Zak. D, 2007)
Portugal, the westernmost country of Europe and part of the Iberian Kingdom, was the first to explore the Atlantic Ocean, colonize the Azores (1441) and nearby islands, and conquer the west coast of Africa reaching the northern Sahara Desert in 1434. In 1444 Portugal lands in the Verde …show more content…
Still, ships set sail with full capacity.
3.) Technology: While Johanna Gutenberg of Germany invented movable print in about 1450, allowing literate Europeans to read about discoveries of “new land”. Prince Henry the Navigator (1394–1460), the son of the Portugal King, King Joao, and an avid supporter of maritime exploration for Portugal, was doing his homework on sailing techniques and geography. He subsidized sailors, mapmakers, astronomers, shipbuilders and instrument makers who were shared his interest in the discovery of new lands.
Ships, such as the Caravel and Portugal’s design, were being built smarter, stronger and faster. Sailing gadgets, such as hourglasses, compasses, and latitude readers were becoming more accurate. While other countries know about the technical advances in sailing tools, Portugal is the first to use these technological advances on maritime