The Causes of the Gap Between Developed and Undeveloped Countries Yusuf Enes Fırat 010130552 The size of the gap between developed and undeveloped countries is one of the greatest problems world is facing today. But what is the term of “gap” in this statement? In fact, there are lots of criterions determine the gap, it is hard to explain it with one definition. We live in the 21st century and there are still huge gaps between the countries. According to human development index (HDI) chart on the website of Global Sherpa, the most developed country is Norway with 0,94 HDI while Turkey is at only 92nd place with 0,69 HDI (2011). There must be causes of this difference. Some of the main reasons can be attributed to lack of education, economic undevelopment and undeveloped industrialization. Firstly, the education level is really crucial for the development of the country. The educational development of the country primarily related to how many people in the land are able to read and write properly. It s called literacy rate. Based on the article published in the Education for All Global Monitoring Report, it is completely accepted that literacy talents is the main factor to be able to make the determination correctly, to improve the persons self confidence and take part in regional or universal group in developed countries (2006, p.137) Age of marriage is also an important factor. The educational level of the country is proportional to the age of marriage which means the higher the age of marriage, the higher the education level.
Another big reason is economical development differences. Annual per capita income which is calculated by taking measure of all sources of income of a country in a year and dividing it by the total population is the main indicator of the economical development and shows how...
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